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George E. Carvell, PhD, PT   University of Pittsburgh
 
VISIBLE BRAIN MOVIE: INS & OUTS OF THE CNS ABOVE THE FORMEN MAGNUM
This Movie labels deep structures seen beneath the cerebral cortical mantle.
  Basal Ganglia are deep gray matter nuclei important in cognitive and sensori-motor behaviors and include: Striatum = Caudate Nucleus + Putamen, Globus Pallidus, Substantia Nigra and Subthalamic Nucleus.

  Thalamus is a gray matter structure that serves as the gateway to the cerebral cortex. It includes a number of separate nuclei that relate to sensory, motor, limbic and cognitive functions.

  Internal Capsule is a white matter structure that contains axons originating from pyramidal cells in the cerebral cortex that travel to brainstem and spinal cord structures plus thalamo-cortical & corticothalamic axons that link the thalamus to the cerebral cortex.
  Amygdala is a gray matter nucleus involved in limbic functions including reactions to highly charged affective stimuli, memories, or events.
  Red Nucleus is a midbrain
nucleus that contributes to
our control of dexterous limb movements.
GMOMM  2001