Carvell, PhD, PTUniversity
VISIBLE BRAIN MOVIE: INS & OUTS OF THE CNS
ABOVE THE FORMEN MAGNUM
labels deep structures seen beneath the cerebral cortical mantle.
•Basal Ganglia are deep gray matter nuclei important in
cognitive and sensori-motor behaviors and include: Striatum = Caudate Nucleus + Putamen, Globus
Pallidus, Substantia Nigra and Subthalamic Nucleus.
•Thalamus is a gray matter
structure that serves as the gateway to the cerebral
cortex. It includes a number of separate nuclei that
relate to sensory, motor, limbic and cognitive functions.
Capsule is a white matter structure that contains
axons originating from pyramidal cells in the cerebral
cortex that travel to brainstem and spinal cord
structures plus thalamo-cortical & corticothalamic
axons that link the thalamus to the cerebral
•Amygdala is a gray matter nucleus involved
in limbic functions including reactions to highly charged affective stimuli,
memories, or events.