Course title:                       Neural Basis of Sensory/Motor Control


Course number:               TECH 438


Credit hours:                     2


Course instructor:           Dr. Ahmad Alghadir MS, PhD, PT


Course description:


            This course will provide the student with in-depth knowledge of sensory/motor integration. It will discuss theories of nervous system organization as they pertain to sensory/motor behavior. It will emphasis synaptic transmission and synaptic plasticity as a basis for the development and maturation of the nervous system, neural basis of somatosensation, nervous system control of posture and movement, and proposed mechanisms for sensory/motor interaction.


Course objectives:


            By the end of this course, the student will be able to:

  • Recognize the basic morphologic features of the nervous system.
  • Discuss theories of nervous system organization.
  • Describe synaptic function.
  • Discuss current concepts of plasticity of the nervous system.
  • Recognize active touch, kinesthesia, and proprioception.
  • Classify different types of movement.
  • Discuss sensory/motor interaction in postural control, locomotion, and reaching/grasping.
  • Recognize organization of integrative centers for movement control.
  • Correlate neurophysiologic mechanisms with nervous system pathways and areas of central nervous system integration.
  • Recognize common clinical and research investigative methods in the neurosciences.
  • Relate concepts of somatosensory and neuromuscular function to clinical neurological problems.


Course outline:


Week 1         Nervous system components and levels.

Week 2         Nervous system organization.

Week 3         Action potentials vs. local potentials.

Week 4         Synaptic plasticity.

Week 5         First midterm exam.

Week 6         Low-threshold tactile mechanoreceptors.

Week 7         Surrounding inhibition and somatosensory plasticity.

Week 8         Proprioception.

Week 9         The pain experience.

Week 10      Second midterm exam.

Week 11      Motor control.

Week 12      Postural control.

Week 13      Locomotion and reaching/grasping.

Week 14      Motor codes.

Week 15      Revision and open discussion.

Week 16      Final exam.


Teaching methods:


  • Electronic lectures.
  • Discussion.
  • Demonstration.




  • Attendance: 10%
  • Assignments: 15%
  • First midterm exam: 25%
  • Second midterm exam: 25%
  • Final exam: 25%




  • Electronic handouts.
  • Circulated updated articles.
  • Advanced Neuroscience.
  • Analysis of Neuromuscular Signs and Symptoms in Clinical Decision Making.
  • Medical Neurosciences: an Approach to Anatomy, Pathology, and Physiology by Systems and Levels.
  • Neuroanatomy: an Atlas of Structures, Sections, and Systems.
  • Basic Clinical Neuroanatomy.
  • The Neural Basis of Motor Control.
  • Principles of Neural Science.

 TECH 438

HRS2305anat.htmHRS2305anatاحمد حيدر عبدالكريم الغدير
HRS2305intro.htmHRS2305introاحمد حيدر عبدالكريم الغدير
HRS2305spinal.htmHRS2305spinalاحمد حيدر عبدالكريم الغدير
HRS2305SMI.htmHRS2305SMIاحمد حيدر عبدالكريم الغدير
HRS2305PNS.htmHRS2305PNSاحمد حيدر عبدالكريم الغدير
TECH 438 course syllabus.docTECH 438 course syllabusاحمد حيدر عبدالكريم الغدير
TECH 438 final exam sample questions and answers.docTECH 438 final exam sample questions and answersاحمد حيدر عبدالكريم الغدير
TECH 438 midterm exam sample questions and answers.docTECH 438 midterm exam sample questions and answersاحمد حيدر عبدالكريم الغدير