MadeRidiculouslySimple_ClinicalPhysiology1995Goldberg

наименование:Made Ridiculously Simple: Clinical Physiology
автор/ы : Stephen Goldberg
год : 1995
страниц : 158
издательство : Medmaster
ISBN: 0940780216

печатное издание


This is a brief, to-the-point presentation of the most important points in clinical physiology. It enables the reader to see cardio-pulmonary-renal physiology as well as immunology and other areas as a clear conceptual whole.




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указатель


Preface v
PART I: CARDIO-PULMONARY-RENAL-ELECTROLYTE-ACID-BASE-BALANCE
CHAPTER 1. CELL FUNCTION 1
CHAPTER 2. BLOOD PRESSURE 4
CHAPTER 3. ELECTROLYTES AND ACID-BASE METABOLISM 22
CHAPTER 4. EVALUATION OF RENAL FUNCTION 34
CHAPTER 5. CARDIAC FUNCTION 36
CHAPTER 6. THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM 52 
PART II: EVERYTHING ELSE
CHAPTER 7. RED BLOOD CELLS AND BLOOD COAGULATION 61
CHAPTER 8. THE IMMUNE SYSTEM 66
CHAPTER 9. NEUROPHYSIOLOGY 88
CHAPTER 10 THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM 122
CHAPTER 11 THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM 134

A
A-B-O factors, 86
accommodation, 111
ACE, 12,13, 16
achalasia, 129
acidosis, 31
acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, 83
ACTH, 135
actin, 93, 94
action potential, 37
active immunization, 86
active transport, 1
adaptive immunity, 72
ADH, 15, 25, 104, 137
adiposogenital syndrome, 105
adjuvants, 86
adrenocorticotrophic hormone, 135
adult respiratory distress syndrome, 58
affinity maturation, 74
afterload, 41, 50
agglutination tests, 84
agnosias, 108
AIDS, 83
aldosterone, 12, 13, 27
alexia, 108
alkalosis, 31
allergic reactions, 80
allotopes, 73
alpha motor fibers, 92
alpha-1 receptors, 7, 8, 40
alpha-2 receptors, 8, 40
alternative pathway, 67
alveolar macrophages, 69
alveolar ventilation, 59
amblyopia, 118
ammonia buffer, 29
ampullae, 120
anergy, 86
ANF, 12, 25
angiogenesis factor, 14
angiotensin, 12,13
angiotensin converting enzyme, 12, 13, 16
anion gap, 32
anti-nuclear antibody test, 84
antibodies, 72
antidiuretic hormone, 7, 25, 104, 137
antistreptolysin O titer, 85
aortic insufficiency, 48
aortic stenosis, 48
aphasia, 108
aplastic anemia, 61
apoproteins, 123
apraxias, 108
Argyll-Robertson pupil, 100
arterial pulse pressure, 4
Arthus reaction, 81
astigmatism, 117
ataxia telangiectasia, 83
ataxia, 106
atelectasis, 58
athetosis, 106
atrial fibrillation, 44
atrial flutter, 44
atrial hypertrophy, 46
atrial natriuretic factor, 12, 25
autoimmune hemolytic anemia, 81
autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura, 81
autoimmunity, 82
autonomic nervous system, 101
autoregulation, 14
axis deviation, 45

B
B lymphocytes, 72, 76
baroreceptors, 7
basal body temperature, 147
basal ganglia, 106
basophils, 70
Bell's palsy, 98
Bence-Jones protein, 81
bends, 54
beri-beri, 130
beta-1 receptors, 7, 8, 40
beta-2 receptors, 8, 40
bicarbonate buffer system, 29
birth control pills, 145
bleeding time, 64
blood brain barrier, 19
blood clotting, 62
blood pressure, 4
blood transfusion, 86
Bowman's capsule, 9, 12, 22
Bowman's space, 11
buffers, 28
bundle branch block, 50

C
C-reactive protein, 69
calcitonin, 32, 140
calcium channel blockers, 16, 40, 41
calcium, 32, 95
calmodulin, 32
carbaminohemoglobin, 53
carbonic anhydrase, 26, 30
carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, 16
cardiac angiography, 51
cardiac arrhythmias, 44
cardiac index, 51
cardiac output, 5, 17
carrier proteins, 23
celiac disease, 129
cell-mediated immunity, 72, 74
central venous pressure, 16
cerebellum, 106
cerebral cortex, 107
Chediak-Higashi syndrome, 83
Cheyne-Stokes respiration, 55
chloride shift, 28, 53
cholecystokinin, 125, 147
chorea, 106
chorionic gonadotrophin, 145
chromium, 33
chronotropic effect, 51
chylomicrons, 123
classical pathway, 67
clearance, 34
clonal selection theory, 72
clotting factors, 62
clotting time, 64
coagulation, 64
cobalt, 33
cochlea, 119
cold agglutinin test, 85
colony-stimulating factors, 69
color vision, 91, 118
complement, 66
complement fixation tests, 85
complete heart block, 44
compliance, 57
conduction velocity, 39, 96
Conn's syndrome, 140
connecting tubule, 11
consensual reflex, 100
copper, 33
corpus luteum, 137
cortical collecting duct, 11
cotransport, 3
coumarin, 64
countertransport, 3
cranial nerves, 98
creatinine, 34
cristae, 120
Cushing's disease, 135
Cushing's syndrome, 135
CVP, 16
cystinuria, 23
cytokine, 69
cytotoxic T cells, 76, 77

D
dead space volume, 59
decompression sickness, 54
DeGeorge syndrome, 83
delayed hypersensitivity, 82
dendritic cells, 69
depolarization, 37
determinants, 72
diabetes insipidus, 15, 106
diabetes mellitus, 81,142
diastole, 36
diastolic pressure, 4
diffusion, 1
digestion, 122
distal convoluted tubule, 11
diuretics, 15
dromotropic effect, 51
Duchenne muscular dystrophy, 96
dystrophin, 96

E
echocardiography, 51
EEG, 110
effective renal plasma flow, 35
ejection fraction, 51
elastance, 57
electrocardiogram, 41
electroencephalogram, 110
electromyogram, 96
ELISA test, 85
EMG, 96
endocrine system, 134
endocytosis, 3
endolymph, 119
endometriosis, 146
endotoxic shock, 80
enterohepatic circulation, 127
eosinophils, 70
epilepsy, 111
epinephrine, 7, 15, 27, 140
epithelioid cells, 69
epitopes, 72
EPSP, 88
erythroblastosis fetalis, 87
erythropoetin, 24, 61, 69
esotropia, 118
estrogens, 143
exotropia, 118
expiratory reserve volume, 57
extrafusal fibers, 92
extrinsic pathway, 62
eye muscles, 113
eye, 111

F
familial dysautonomia, 105
fasciculations, 96
ferritin, 61
FEV1.0, 59
fibrillations, 96
fibrin, 62
fibrinogen, 62
fibrinolysin, 64
Fick principle, 19
first-degree heart block, 44
fluoride, 33
follicle stimulating hormone, 137
free water clearance, 35
FSH, 137
FTA-ABS test, 84
functional residual capacity, 57

G
gamma motor fibers, 92
gastrin, 124, 147
GFR, 34
glomerular filtration rate, 34
glomerular membrane, 22
glomerulo-tubular balance, 25
glomerulus, 9, 12
glucagon, 143
Golgi tendon organs, 91
Goodpasture's syndrome, 81
granular cells, 12
granulocytes, 70
granuloma, 69
Grave's disease, 81
growth hormone, 134

H
hapten, 72
Hartnup disease, 23
HCG, 145, 147
HDL, 126
hearing, 118
heart block, 44
hemagglutinin inhibition test, 85
hemiballismus, 107
hemochromatosis, 33
hemolytic anemia, 61
hemophilia, 62
hemorrhagic disease of the newborn, 133
Henle's loop, 11
heparin, 64
hereditary angioneurotic edema, 80, 83
Hering-Breuer reflex, 53
heterophil antibody test, 84
Hirschprung's megacolon, 106, 129
HLA, 75
homeostasis, 4
Horner's syndrome, 106
human chorionic gonadotrophin, 147
human leukocyte antigen, 75
humoral immunity, 72, 74
hyaline membrane disease, 57
hydraulic pressure, 10
hyperaldosteronism, 15, 27
hyperchloremic acidosis, 28
hyperopia, 115
hypokalemic alkalosis, 27
hypothalamus, 103
hypothalmic releasing hormones, 137

I
idiotypes, 74
IgA, 72, 73
IgD, 72, 73
IgE, 72, 73
IgG, 72, 73
IgM, 72, 73
immune complexes, 78
immune tests, 84
immunity, 72
immunization, 86
immunodeficiency, 82
immunogen, 72
immunonephelometry, 84
immunostimulation, 86
immunosuppression, 86
inflammation, 68
inhibin, 137
inotropic effect, 51
inspiratory capacity, 57
inspiratory reserve volume, 57
insulin, 141
interferon, 66
interleukins, 69
intrafusal fibers, 92
intrinsic factor, 61
intrinsic pathway, 62
iodide, 33
IPSP, 88
iron deficiency anemia, 61
iron, 33
isometric contraction, 50
isometric exercise, 18
isotonic contraction, 50
isotypes, 72

J
juxtaglomerular apparatus, 12

K
kernicterus, 133
kinins, 69
Korotkoff sounds, 5
Korsakoffs syndrome, 103
Kupffer cells, 69

L
lactose intolerance, 129
Langerhans cells, 69
lateral inhibition, 89
latex fixation test, 84
LDL, 126
LE prep, 84
leukocyte adhesion deficiency, 83
leukotrienes, 69
Leydig cells, 137
LH, 137
loop diuretics, 15
lower motor neuron, 98
lupus erythematosis, 82
luteinizing hormone, 137
lymphokine, 69
lysozyme, 66, 69

M
macrophage activating factor, 75
macrophages, 69
macula densa, 11, 12
MAF, 75
magnesium, 32
major histocompatibility complex, 75
manganese, 33
mast cells, 70
 mean blood pressure, 4
mean circulatory filling pressure, 5
medullary collecting duct, 11
Meissner's plexus, 122
melanocyte stimulating hormone, 137
melatonin, 139
memory cells, 76
menstrual cycle, 145
mesangial cells, 12, 22, 71
metabolic acidosis, 31
metabolic alkalosis, 31
metarterioles, 14
MHC, 75
micelles, 123
microglia, 69
MIF, 75
migration inhibition factor, 75
mineralocorticoids, 140
minute respiratory volume, 59
mitral insufficiency, 48
mitral prolapse, 48
mitral stenosis, 48
molybdenum, 33
monoclonal antibodies, 73
monocyte, 69
monokine, 69
motor end plate, 93
multinucleated giant cells, 69
multiple myeloma, 81
murmurs, 49
muscle contraction, 93
muscle spindles, 91
myasthenia gravis, 81, 96
myenteric p[lexus, 122
myocardial infarction, 46
myofibrils, 93
myopia, 115
myosin, 93, 94
myotonia, 96

N
natural killer cells, 71, 76, 77
neurotransmitters, 88
neutrophils, 70
nickel, 33
nitric oxide, 15
nitroglycerin, 41
nodal tachycardia, 44
norepinephrine, 7, 15, 140

O
obstructive lung disease, 59
opsonization, 68
osmolality, 8
osmotic diuretics, 16
osmotic pressure, 10
ovulation, 145
oxygen dissociation curve, 52
oxytocin, 139

P
P wave, 41
 P-R interval, 42
PAH, 35
Papez circuit, 103
para-aminohippurate (PAH), 35
parathyroid hormone, 32, 139
Parkinson's disease, 89
paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria, 83
partial thromboplastin time, 64
passive immunization, 86
patent ductus arteriosus, 4, 48
PEEP, 60
pemphigus, 81
perilymph, 119
periodic paralysis, 96
peripheral resistance, 5
peritubular capillaries, 11
pernicious anemia, 81
phagolysosome, 69
phagosome, 69
pheochromocytoma, 15
phosphate, 32
phosphate buffer, 29
pinhole lens, 115
pituitary gland, 103
plasma cells, 72, 74
plasmin, 64
plasminogen, 64
platelet factor 3, 62
platelet phospholipids, 62
platelets, 61, 71
podocytes, 22
Poiseuille equation, 18
polyarteritis nodosa, 81
polyclonal activation, 82
post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, 81
precipitation tests, 84
preload, 41, 50
premature ventricular contractions, 44
presbyopia, 115
primary hyperaldosteronism, 27, 140
primary immune response, 74
profibrinolysin, 64
progesterone, 143
prolactin, 135
prostaglandins, 12, 14, 62, 69
prothrombin activator, 62
prothrombin time, 64
prothrombin, 62
proximal tubule, 11
pseudobulbar palsy, 109
PT, 64
PTT, 64
pulmonary capillary wedge pressure, 17, 21
Purkinje fibers, 37, 39
PVCs, 44

Q
Q-T interval, 42
QRS interval, 42

R
radionucleotide ventrlculography, 51
receptors, 8, 40
refraction, 113
refractory period, 38
renal corpuscle, 9
renal tubular acidosis, 23
repolarization, 38
residual volume, 57
respiration, 52
respiratory acidosis, 31
respiratory alkalosis, 31
restrictive lung disease, 59
reticular activating system, 89
reticular cells, 72
reticulo-endothelial system, 69
retina, 111
Rh factor, 86
Rh incompatibility, 77
rheumatic arthritis, 82
rheumatic fever, 81
Riley-Day syndrome, 105
Rosenbaum card, 115

S
S-T segment, 42
SA node, 39
saltatory conduction, 88
sarcoplasmic reticulum, 93
Schwartzman reaction, 80
scotomas, 99
second-degree heart block, 44
secondary hyperaldosteronism, 27, 140
secondary immune response, 74
selenium, 33
self-tolerance, 74
semicircular canals, 120
serotonin, 14
serum sickness, 81
shock, 20
sickle cell anemia, 61
silicon, 33
silicosis, 33
sinus tachycardia, 44
sodium-potassium pump, 37, 39
somatostatin, 143
spatial summation, 88
spinocerebellar tract, 97
spinothalamic tract, 97
spirometry, 57
spironolactone, 16
splitting of heart sounds, 49
Starling's law, 12
strabismus, 118
surfactant, 57
Swan-Ganz catheter, 21
systole, 37
systolic pressure, 4

T
T lymphocytes, 72, 75
T suppressor cells, 77
T tubules, 93
T wave, 42
TBG, 137
temporal summation, 88
testosterone, 145
tetany, 39, 96
TGF-beta, 69
thalamus, 106
thallasemia, 61
thiazide diuretics, 15
thomboxane A2, 61
thrombin, 62
thrombocytopenia, 62
thyroglobulin, 137
thyroid hormone, 139
thyroid stimulating hormone, 137
thyroxine-binding globulin, 137
tidal volume, 57
TIP test, 84
tissue plasminogen activator, 64
total lung capacity, 57
transferrin, 61
transplantation, 87
TSH, 137
tubuloglomerular feedback, 25
tumor necrosis factor, 69
tympanic membrane, 119

U
U wave, 42
upper motor neuron, 98

V
vascular endothelial cells, 71
vascular reactivity, 15
vasopressin, 7, 104
venous pump, 15
ventricular fibrillation, 44
ventricular hypertrophy, 46
ventricular tachycardia, 44
vision, 111
visual pathways, 99, 100
vital capacity, 57
vitamin B12 deficiency, 61
vitamin D, 32, 139
vitamins, 129
VLDL, 126
Von Willebrandt's disease, 62

W
Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia, 81
water clearance, 35
Weil-Felix test, 85
Wernicke's syndrome, 103
Western blotting technique, 85
Widal test, 85
Wilson's disease, 33
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome, 83

Z
zinc, 33
Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, 129
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