LaboratoryAtlasOfAnatomy&Physiology4ed2003Eder
наименование:Laboratory Atlas of Anatomy and Physiology
автор/ы : Eder Douglas J., Bertram John W., Kaminsky Shari Lewis
год : 2003
страниц : 192
издательство : McGraw-Hill Science/Engineering/Math; 4 edition
ISBN: 007243810X

печатное издание


This full color atlas is intended to effectively supplement the A&P laboratory course and aid students in their studies. Eder's high-quality visuals, in combination with its unique tables (terms and definitions; as well as tables describing the origin, insertion, action, and innervation of muscles) make it a valuable supplement in any lab course. It illustrates the dissection structures as they actually exist so that students will be able to easily recognize the parts when they are dissecting or taking an exam.




содержание



указатель


1 Histology
2 Human Skeletal Anatomy
3 Human Muscular Anatomy
4 Dissections
5 Reference Tables
5.1 Structure and Function of Some Cellular Components
5.2 Some Membrane Transport Processes
5.3 Formed Elements of Blood
5.4 Terms for Bone Structure
5.5 Bones of the Human Skeleton Table
5.6 Comparison of Female and Male Skeletons
5.7 Extrinsic Muscles of the Eye
5.8 Facial Muscles
5.9 Chewing Muscles
5.10 Muscles of the Throat
5.11 Muscles of the Tongue
5.12 Muscles of the Pharynx and Palate
5.13 Muscles That Move the Head
5.14 Muscles That Move the Shoulder
5.15 Muscles That Move the Upper Arm
5.16 Muscles That Move the Lower Arm
5.17 Muscles That Move the Wrist and Hand
5.18 Muscles That Move the Chest Wall: Breathing
5.19 Muscles That Move the Abdominal Wall
5.20 Muscles of the Pelvic Floor: The Pelvic Diaphragm
5.21 Muscles of the Vertebral Column: Muscles of Erect Posture
5.22 Muscles Located in the Lateral Hip 
5.23 Muscles Located in the Anterior Hip 
5.24 Muscles Located in the Posterior Hip
5.25 Muscles Located in the Anterior Thigh
5.26 Muscles Located in the Medial Thigh
5.27 Muscles Located in the Posterior Thigh
5.28 Muscles Located in the Lower Leg
5.29 The Cranial Nerves
5.30 Spinal Nerves and Their Branches
5.31 Events of the Cardiac Cycle
5.32 Major Blood Vessels and Their Branches
5.33 Major Hormones of the Pituitary Gland
Index

A
Abdomen
in cat, 115–117
in human, 74–76, 148
major veins of, 159
in rat, 130
Abdominal aorta
in cat, 118–121
in fetal pig, 128–129
in rat, 133–134
Abdominal vena cava
in cat, 118–120
in fetal pig, 128–129
in rat, 133–134
Abdominopelvic cavity
in cat, 120–121
in fetal pig, 128–129
in rat, 132–134
Abducens nerve, 141, 154
Abductor digiti minimi, 86
Abductor hallucis, 88
Abductor pollicis longus, 147
Accessory hemiazygos vein, 159
Acetabular notch, 61–62
Acetabulum, 61–62, 93
Achilles tendon, 64
in cat, 104–106
in fetal pig, 124
Acromiodeltoid
in cat, 100–102
in fetal pig, 122–123, 125
Acromion, 59, 60
Acromiotrapezius, 94, 100–102
ACTH (Adrenocorticotropic
hormone), 161
Active transport, 138
Adductor brevis, 152
Adductor femoris, 105–106
Adductor longus, 66, 82, 106, 152
Adductor magnus, 67, 82, 84, 152
Adenohypophysis, 23, 161
Adipose tissue, 9
Adrenal cortex, 24
Adrenal gland
in cat, 118–119, 121
in fetal pig, 129
in rat, 133–134
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
(ACTH), 161
Adrenolumbar artery and
vein, 121
Adventitia, 28–29, 32, 38
Agranulocyte, 156
Allantoic artery, 119
Alveolar process, 53
Alveoli, 31–32
Anal sphincter, 77
Anaphase, 3
Anatomic neck, defined, 139
Anconeus, 100–101, 146
Android pelvis, versus
gynecoid, 141
Animal dissection, 90–134
cat, 90–121
fetal pig, 122–129
rat, 130–134
Antebrachial fascia, 98, 100
Anterior arch of atlas, 57
Anterior cruciate ligament, 62
Anterior lacrimal crest, 53
Anterior medial malleolar
artery, 88
Anterior nasal spine, 46–47, 53
Anterior pituitary (adenohypophysis),
23, 161
Antidiuretic hormone
(ADH), 161
Antrum, 42
Anus, 77
Aorta, 8, 114, 127. See also
Abdominal aorta
Aortic arch, 112–113, 158
Aponeurosis
epicranial, 68
external oblique, 74
of internal oblique, 76
Appendicular skeleton, 140
Appendix, 36
Arcuate artery, 88
Areolar connective tissue, 8
Arm
bones of, 140
musculature of, 78–81,
145–146
veins of, 158
Artery. See also Specific arteries
histology, 27–29
major and main branches
of, 158
Artherosclerosis, 28
Ascending aorta, 158
Asters, 2–3
Astrocyte, 18
Atlas, 55–57, 91–92
Atrial systole, 157
Auditory nerve, 154
Auricle
in cat, 112, 114
in fetal pig, 126–127
Axial skeleton, 140
Axillary artery, 108–109,
112, 127, 158
Axillary nerve, 96, 99, 114, 145
Axillary vein, 108–109,
111, 114, 158
Axis, skeletal, 55–57
Axon, 18, 20
Azygos vein, 114, 127, 159

B
Back musculature
in cat, 101–103
in human, 71–72
Barr body, 24
Basal body, 136
Basement membrane, 4–7, 29, 39
Basilic vein, 158
Basophil, 25, 156
Basophilic myelocyte, 15
Biceps brachii
in cat, 109, 112
in human, 66, 79–80, 99, 146
Biceps femoris
in cat, 104–106
in fetal pig, 122, 124
in human, 67, 83–84,
86–87, 152
Bifid spinous process, 56–57
Bile duct, 35
Bipolar cell nuclei, 20
Bladder, 7, 39
Blood
bladder, 39
components of, 24–27, 156
histology, 24–27
Blood vessel. See also Artery; Vein
alveolar, 32
gallbladder, 36
large intestine, 34
listing of major, 158
lumen, 7
small intestine, 33
spleen, 31
Bone. See also Specific bones
cancellous (spongy), 14
compact, 14
descriptive terms for, 139
developing, 15
typical structure of long, 64
Bone marrow, 15
Bowman’s capsule, 37, 38
Brachial artery, 112, 158
Brachialis, 67, 79–80, 100, 146
Brachial plexus, 109, 114, 155
Brachial vein, 111, 114, 158
Brachiocephalic
artery, 112–113, 127
Brachiocephalic vein,
111, 114, 160
Brachioradialis
in cat, 98–101
in fetal pig, 123
in human, 66–67, 80–81, 146
Bregma, 48, 92
Bronchiole, 32
Brush border, 34
Buccinator, 68, 94–95, 142
Bulbospongiosus, 77, 149
Bulbourethral (Cowper’s)
gland, 119
Bulk flow, 138

C
Calcaneal tendon, 67, 86–87, 104
Calcaneus, 64, 87, 90, 93, 104
Calvarium, 48
Camper’s fascia, 76
Canaliculus, 14
Cancellous bone, 14, 64
Canine eminence, 53
Canine fossa, 53
Capillary, 29
Capitate carpal, 61
Capitulum, 60
Capsule, parathyroid gland, 22
Cardiac cycle, 157
Cardiac muscle, 17, 65
Carotid artery
in cat, 97, 111–114
in fetal pig, 126–127
in human, 158
in rat, 131
Carotid canal, 48, 49
Carotid groove, 49
Carpals
in cat, 90, 92
in human, 61, 140
Cartilage, 10–11, 15
Cat
astrocytes, 18
musculature, 94–109
skeletal system, 90–93
Caudal artery, 118, 120, 129
Caudal vein, 120
Caudal vertebrae (cat), 90, 92–93
Caudofemoralis, 104, 105
Cavernous vein, 159
Celiac artery, 120–121
Celiac ganglion, 121
Cell
chief, 33
component structure and
function, 137
generalized illustration
of, 136
goblet, 5, 33–34
granulosa, 42
hair, 21
interstitial, 39
keratinized, 7
mitotic, 2–3
parietal, 33
Purkinje, 18
Sertoli, 39
umbrella, 7, 39
Cell body, nerve, 18, 19
Cell membrane, 136
structure and function
of, 137
transport processes, 138
Central canal, 20
Central vein, 35
Centriole, 136
Centrosome, 137
Cephalic vein, 158
in cat, 98, 100–101, 111
in fetal pig, 126
Cerebellar fossa, 52
Cerebellum, 18
Cerebral fossa, 52
Cervical nerves, 96, 144, 150
Cervical plexus, 155
Cervical vertebrae
in cat, 90–92
in human, 55–56, 140
Chest musculature, 74, 148, 163
Chewing musculature, 142
Chief cell, 33
Chondrocyte, 10–11
Chromatin, 2, 136
Chromosome, 2–3
Cilia, 5–6, 136–137
Ciliated columnar epithelium,
5–6, 40
Circle of Willis, 158
Circulatory system, 158–160
Clavicle, 59, 69, 79, 140
Clavicular notch, 58, 59
Clavobrachialis
in cat, 94–95, 98–102,
107, 115
in fetal pig, 122–123, 125
Clavotrapezius
in cat, 94–95, 101–102
in fetal pig, 122–123, 125
Cleavage furrow, 3
Cleft, pituitary gland, 23
Cleidomastoid, 94–96
Clitoris, 77
Coccygeus, 77, 149
Coccyx, 77, 140–141
Colic artery, 129
Collagen fiber, 8–10
Columnar epithelium, 5–6, 40–41
Common carotid artery, 111–113,
126–127, 131, 158
Common iliac artery,
133, 158, 160
Common iliac vein, 120, 159
Compact bone, 14, 45, 64
Condylar canal, 49, 52
Condylar fossa, 49, 52
Condyle, 139
Condyloid process, 53
Cones, 20
Connective tissue, 8–9
Conoid tubercle, 59
Constrictors, pharyngeal, 70, 144
Convoluted tubules, 38
Coracobrachialis
in cat, 109
in human, 79, 145
Coracoid process, 59, 60
Core, nerve, 20
Cornified layer, skin, 12
Cornu, 139
Coronal suture
in cat, 91–92
in human, 47–48
Corona radiata, 41–42
Coronary vein, 159
Coronoid fossa, 60
Coronoid process, 53, 60
Corpora cavernosa, 41
Corpuscles
Hassall’s, 30
Meissner’s, 12
Pacinian, 13
renal, 37
Corpus spongiosum, 39, 41
Corrugator supercilii, 142
Corti, Organ of, 21
Costaclavicular ligament, 59
Costal artery, 127
Costal cartilage, 58, 59
Costal facet, 56
Costal groove, 58
Costal vein, 127
Cranial nerve, 154
Cranium, 48, 90, 140. See also
Head; Skull
Cremasteric fascia, 132
Crest, 139
ethmoidal, 52, 53
frontal, 49
intertrochanteric, 62
lacrimal, 53
nasal, 53
occipital, 49, 52
Cribriform plate, 48, 54
Cricothyroid, 69
Crista, 139
Crista galli, 48, 54
Crus of diaphragm, 121, 131,
133, 134
Cuboidal epithelium, 1, 4–5, 38
Cuboid tarsal, 64
Cuneiform, 64
Cytoplasm, 41

D
Deep femoral artery, 120–121
Deep femoral vein, 120–121
Deep fibular nerve, 88
Deep peroneal nerve, 88, 153
Deltoid, 59, 66–67, 71, 74,
78–79, 145
Deltoid tuberosity, 60
Dendrite, 18
Dense irregular connective
tissue, 9
Dense regular connective
tissue, 9
Dermis, 12
Descending aorta, 158
Developing bone, 15
Dialysis, 138
Diaphragm, 148
in cat, 110, 112–114
in fetal pig, 126–129
in rat, 131, 133
Diaphysis, 139
Diastole, late, 157
Diffusion, 138
Digastric
in cat, 94–96
in human, 69, 143
Digital arteries, 88
Digits, bones of, 61, 64
Disks, intervertebral, 55
Dorsal horn, spinal cord, 20
Dorsalis pedis artery, 88
Dorsal ramus
of lumbar nerve, 150
of spinal nerve, 103
of thoracic nerve, 109,
127, 150
Dorsal root ganglion, 19
Dorsal venous arch, 159
Ductus arteriosus, 127, 160
Ductus deferens, 40
Ductus venosus, 127–129, 160

E
Ear, 140
Elastic artery, wall of, 8
Elastic cartilage, 11
Elastic tissue, 8
Elastin fiber, 8, 11
Endoplasmic reticulum, 136, 137
Endorphin, 161
Endothelium, 29
Eosinophil, 25, 156
Eosinophilic myelocyte, 15
Epicondyle, 92
defined, 139
femoral, 62
humeral, 60
Epicranial aponeurosis, 68
Epicranius, 68, 142
Epidermis, 12
Epididymis, 40
in cat, 119
in fetal pig, 128
in rat, 132
Epigastric artery, 130
Epiglottis, 70, 97, 114
Epiphyseal plate, 15
Epiphysis, 139
Epithelium, 1, 4–7, 22, 32, 36,
38–41, 43
Epitrochlearis, 98, 107, 115
Erector spinae, 150
Erythroblast, 15
Erythrocyte, 27, 156
Esophagus, 32, 70
in cat, 97, 112–114
in fetal pig, 127
Ethmoid bone, 46, 48–50,
52–54, 140
Eustachian tube, 114
Exocrine cells, pancreatic, 23
Exocytosis, 138
Extensor carpi digitorum
lateralis, 100
Extensor carpi radialis, 98–99,
101, 123
Extensor carpi radialis brevis,
81, 100, 147
Extensor carpi radialis longus,
80–81, 100, 147
Extensor carpi ulnaris
in cat, 99, 100–101
in fetal pig, 123
in human, 81, 147
Extensor digiti minimi, 101
Extensor digitorum, 81, 147
Extensor digitorum brevis, 88
Extensor digitorum communis,
100–101, 123
Extensor digitorum lateralis,
101, 123
Extensor digitorum longus
in cat, 104–105
in human, 66, 85–86, 153
Extensor digitorum tendons, 101
Extensor expansion, 88
Extensor hallucis brevis, 88
Extensor hallucis longus,
85, 88, 153
Extensor indicis, 101, 147
Extensor indicis proprius, 101
Extensor pollicis brevis,
100–101, 147
Extensor pollicis longus, 147
Extensor retinacula
in cat, 100–101, 105
in human, 81, 85–86
External auditory meatus, 47,51, 91
External iliac artery, 118, 120–121,
129, 158
External iliac vein, 118, 120,
121, 159
External inguinal ring, 119
External intercostal, 74, 103, 148
External jugular vein, 160
in cat, 94–95, 108–109,
111, 114
in fetal pig, 123, 125–126
External oblique
in cat, 103, 106–107, 115
in fetal pig, 122, 124
in human, 66–67, 74–76, 148
in rat, 130
External occipital crest, 49
External occipital protruberance,
49, 91
Eye, 73, 141

F
Face
bones of, 46, 140
musculature of, 68, 142
Facet, defined, 139
Facial nerve, 94–96, 142, 154
Facial vein, 94–95
Facilitated diffusion, 138
False ribs, 58, 140
Fascia
in cat, 98, 100–106
in fetal pig, 122, 124
in human, 66, 82–84
in rat, 132
Femoral artery, 106, 118–121, 158
Femoral nerve, 106, 118–119,
121, 152
Femoral triangle, 118–119
Femoral vein, 106, 118–121, 159
Femur
in cat, 90–93
in human, 62, 140
Fetal circulatory system, 160
Fetal pig, 122–129
Fibers, nerve, 19
Fibroblast, 8–9
Fibrocartilage, 10
Fibrocollagenous bundle, 41
Fibula
in cat, 90, 93
in human, 63, 140
Filtration, 138
First dorsal interosseous, 88
Fissure, defined, 139
Flagella, 136, 137
Flexor carpi radialis, 80,
98–99, 147
Flexor carpi ulnaris, 80–81,
98–100, 147
Flexor digitorum longus, 87,
106, 153
Flexor digitorum profundus,
99, 147
Flexor digitorum superficialis,
80, 147
Flexor hallicus longus, 63–64,
104–106, 124, 153
Flexor pollicis longus, 147
Flexor retinaculum, 87, 98–99
Floating ribs, 58
Foliate papillae, 97
Follicle stimulating hormone
(FSH), 161
Fontanel, defined, 139
Foot
arteries of, 88
bones of, 64
musculature of, 88
Foramen lacerum, 48–49
Foramen magnum, 47–49, 52
Foramen ovale, 48–50
Foramen rotundum, 48–50
Foramen spinosum, 48–50
Foramina
defined, 139
pelvic bones, 61, 62
skull, 46–50
spinal, 55–57
Fossa
canine, 53
cerebellar, 52
cerebral, 52
condylar, 49, 52
coronoid, 60
defined, 139
glenoid, 59
humeral, 60
iliac, 61
incisive, 53
infraspinous, 59
jugular, 48
mandibular, 49, 51
olecranon, 60
pubic, 61
scapular, 59
subscapular, 59
supraspinous, 59
Fovea, 139
Frenulum, 69
Frontal bone
in cat, 91–92
in human, 46–50, 140
Frontal border, 51
Frontal crest, 49
Frontalis, 66, 68
Frontal notch, 46
Frontal process, 47, 50, 53, 91
Frontal sinus, 48
Frontozygomatic suture, 47
FSH (Follicle stimulating
hormone), 161
Furrows, parietal, 51

G
Gallbladder, 36
Ganglion cell, 19, 20
Gastric pits, 33
Gastrocnemius, 66
in cat, 104–106
in fetal pig, 124
in human, 67, 84–87, 153
Gastroepiploic vein, 118, 159
Genioglossus, 69, 143
Geniohyoid, 69
Genitofemoral nerve, 121
Germinativum, 39
GH (Growth hormone), 161
Gladiolus, 59
Gland. See Specific glands
Glenoid fossa, 59
Glomerulus, 37–38
Glossopharyngeal nerve, 144, 154
Gluteal tuberosity, 62
Gluteus maximus
in cat, 104–105
in fetal pig, 122, 124
in human, 67, 77, 83–84, 151
Gluteus medius
in cat, 104–105
in fetal pig, 122, 124
in human, 67, 83–84, 151
Gluteus minimus, 83, 151
Goblet cell, 5, 33–34
Golgi apparatus, 136, 137
Gonadal vein, 159
Gracilis
in cat, 106
in human, 66–67, 82,
84, 87, 152
Granule, cytoplasmic, 25
Granulocyte, 156
Granulosa cells, 42
Greater omentum, 116
Greater palatine canal, 53
Greater sciatic notch, 62, 141
Greater trochanter, 62, 93
Greater tubercle, 60
Greater wing of sphenoid, 48, 49
Great saphenous nerve, 106
Great saphenous vein, 159
Growth hormone (GH), 161
Gynecoid pelvis, versus
android, 141

H
Hair cell, 21
Hair follicle, 13
Hamate carpal, 61
Hamulus, 139
Hand
bones and processes of, 61
musculature of, 147
Hassall’s corpuscle, 30
Haversian canal, 14
Haversian system (osteon), 14
Head. See also Face; Skull
major veins of, 159–160
muscles of cat, 94–97
muscles of human, 68, 144
Heart
cardiac cycle, 157
cardiac muscle, 17, 65
in cat, 110–112, 114
in fetal pig, 126–129
in rat, 131
Hemiazygos vein, 159
Hemorrhoidal artery, 129
Hepatic portal vein, 118, 159
Hepatic vein, 159
Hepatocyte, 35
Hip musculature, 83–84, 150–151
Horizontal plate, 52
Hormones, pituitary gland, 161
Human musculature. See Musculature,
human
Human skeleton. See Skeleton,
human
Humeral artery, 109
Humerus
in cat, 90, 92
in human, 60, 140
Hyaline cartilage, 10–11
Hyoglossus, 69
Hyoid bone, 69, 140
Hypogastric artery, 120
Hypogastric vein, 120
Hypoglossal canal, 49
Hypoglossal nerve, 143, 154
Hypoglossus, 143

I
Ileum, villi of, 33–34
Iliac artery
in cat, 118, 120–121
in fetal pig, 129
in human, 158, 160
in rat, 133
Iliac crest, 61–62
Iliac fossa, 61–62
Iliac spine, 61–62
Iliacus, 82, 151
Iliac vein
in cat, 118, 120–121
in human, 159
Iliocostalis
in cat, 102–103
in human, 72, 150
Iliolumbar artery
in cat, 118, 120–121
in rat, 133–134
Iliolumbar vein
in cat, 118, 120
in rat, 133–134
Iliopectineal line, 61–62
Iliopsoas, 66, 106, 150–151
Iliopubic eminence, 61–62
Iliotibial band, 83, 104
Ilium, 61, 92, 93
Incisive bone, 91
Incisive foramen, 49
Incisive fossa, 53
Incus, 48, 140
Inferior concha, 46
Inferior constrictor, 70
Inferior extensor retinaculum, 88
Inferior meatus, 53
Inferior nasal bone, 140
Inferior oblique, 73
Inferior orbital fissure, 49
Inferior pubic ramus, 61–62
Inferior rectus, 73
Inferior sagittal sinus vein, 159
Inferior vena cava, 113, 127, 160
Infraorbital foramen, 46, 50, 53
Infraspinatus, 67, 71, 78, 102, 145
Infraspinous fossa, 59, 92
Inguinal ring, 119
Innervation, 17
Innominate artery, 112, 127, 158
Innominate vein, 111, 114, 160
Intercalated disk, 17
Intercondylar fossa, 62
Intercostal artery, 131
Intercostal muscle, 74, 103, 148
Intercostal nerve, 148
Intercostal space, 139
Intercostal vein, 131, 159
Intermediate cuneiform, 64
Internal auditory meatus, 48, 51
Internal iliac artery, 120, 121, 129
Internal iliac vein, 120, 159
Internal intercostal, 103, 148
Internal jugular vein
in cat, 108, 111, 114
in fetal pig, 126
in human, 160
Internal mammary artery, 113
Internal mammary vein, 126, 131
Internal oblique
in cat, 115
in fetal pig, 122, 124
in human, 74–76, 148
in rat, 130
Internal occipital crest, 52
Internal occipital
protuberance, 52
Internal spermatic artery, 119
Interosseous border, 60, 63
Interosseous nerve, 101
Interphase, 2
Interstitial cell, 39
Intertrochanteric crest, 62
Intertubercular groove, 60
Intervertebral disk, 55
Intervertebral foramen, 55
Intestine. See Large intestine;
Small intestine
Intrinsic muscles, human
tongue, 143
Ischial ramus, 61–62
Ischial spine, 61–62, 141
Ischial tuberosity, 61–62, 93
Ischiocavernosus, 77, 149
Ischium
in cat, 92–93
in human, 61–62, 141
Islet of Langerhans, 23
Isometric ventricular
contraction, 157
Isometric ventricular
relaxation, 157
Isthmus of Fauces, 97

J
Jaw musculature, 142
Jugular foramen, 48–49
Jugular fossa, 48
Jugular notch, 52, 58–59
Jugular tubercle, 52
Jugular vein
in cat, 94–97, 108
in fetal pig, 123, 125–126
in human, 160

K
Keratinized cell, 7
Kidney
in cat, 116, 118, 119–121
in fetal pig, 127–130
in rat, 132–134
Kidney tubule, 4–5
Knee musculature, 84–87

L
Lacrimal bone
in cat, 91
in human, 46–47, 140
Lacrimal crest, 53
Lacrimal foramen, 46–47
Lacrimal fossa, 91
Lacunae, 10–11, 14
Lambda suture, 48
Lambdoidal margin, 52
Lambdoidal suture, 47
Lamina, vertebral, 56–57
Lamina propria, 29, 36, 38
Large intestine, 34, 116, 132
Larynx
in cat, 95, 97, 114
in fetal pig, 125–126
in human, 70
in rat, 131
Late diastole, 157
Lateral condyle, 62–63, 93
Lateral cuneiform, 64
Lateral epicondyle, 60, 92
Lateral malleolus, 88, 93
Lateral pterygoid, 50, 68, 142
Lateral pterygoid process, 49–50
Lateral rectus, 73
Latissimus dorsi
in cat, 98–103, 107–109,
111, 115
in fetal pig, 122–123
in human, 66–67, 71, 145
Leg
musculature of, 82–87, 153
veins of, 159
Lesser wing of sphenoid, 48–49
Leukocyte, 24–26, 156
Levator ani, 77, 149
Levator costa, 58, 148
Levator palpebrae superioris,
73, 142
Levator scapulae, 69, 71, 78
Levator scapulae ventralis, 100
Levator veli palatini, 144
Leydig cell, 39
Ligament
anterior cruciate, 62
costaclavicular, 59
nuchal, 101–103
patellar, 82, 85
posterior cruciate, 62
Linea alba
in cat, 107, 115
in human, 66, 74, 76
Linea aspera, 62
Lingula, 53, 139
Liver, 35
in cat, 116, 118–119
in fetal pig, 128
in rat, 130, 132
Longissimus
in cat, 102, 103
in human, 72, 144, 150
Long thoracic nerve, 108, 145
Long thoracic vein, 111
Longus capitis, 69
Loose connective tissue, 8
Lower extremities
bones of, 62–64, 140
major veins of, 159
musculature of, 82–88,
146–147, 151–153
Lumbar nerve, 119, 133, 155
Lumbar vein, 159
Lumbar vertebrae
in cat, 90, 92–93
in human, 55–56, 140
Lumbodorsal fascia
in cat, 101–105
in fetal pig, 124
Lumboscral plexus, 155
Lumen
arterial wall, 28
bladder, 39
blood vessel, 7
bronchiole, 32
kidney tubule, 4, 5
urethral, 39
Lunate carpal, 61
Lung
in cat, 110–112
in fetal pig, 126–129
in rat, 131
Luteinizing hormone (LH), 161
Lymphatic vessel, 30
Lymph channel, 34
Lymph node
in cat, 94–97, 111, 114
in fetal pig, 123, 125
histology, 29
Lymphocyte, 26, 156
Lymphoid follicle, 36
Lymph vessel, 117
Lysosome, 136–137

M
Macrophage, 4, 32
Malar bone. See
Zygomatic bone
Malleolar fossa, 63
Malleolus, 93
Malleus, 48, 140
Mammary artery, 113
Mammary vein, 126, 131
Mandible
in cat, 90–91, 96
in human, 47, 53, 69–70, 140
Mandibular alveolus, 46, 47
Mandibular angle, 47
Mandibular condyle, 53
Mandibular condyloid process, 47
Mandibular coronoid process, 47
Mandibular foramen, 53
Mandibular fossa, 49, 51
Mandibular lingula, 53
Mandibular notch, 47
Mandibular ramus, 46, 53
Manubriosternal joint, 59
Manubrium, 58–59
Marrow cavity, 64
Masseter
in cat, 94–96
in fetal pig, 123, 125
in human, 66, 68, 142
Mastication musculature, 68, 142
Mastoid margin, 52
Mastoid process, 47, 49, 51, 91
Matrix, hyaline cartilage, 10
Maxillae
in cat, 90–91
in human, 47, 49, 53, 140
Maxillary alveolus, 46, 47
Maxillary border, 50
Maxillary hiatus, 53
Maxillary process, 52
Maxillary sinus, 53
Meatus, 139
Medial condyle, 62–63, 93
Medial cubital vein, 111, 158
Medial cuneiform, 64
Medial epicondyle, 60, 92
Medial malleolus, 63, 88, 93
Medial pterygoid, 50, 68
Medial pterygoid process, 49–50
Medial rectus, 73
Median antebrachial vein, 158
Median crest, 57
Median nerve
in cat, 96, 99, 101, 109,
111–112, 114
in human, 146–147
Median sacral artery
in cat, 118, 120
in fetal pig, 129
in rat, 133
Mediastinal membrane, 128–129
Meissner’s Corpuscle, 12
Membrane transport
processess, 138
Mental foramen, 46, 47, 53
Mental protuberance, 53
Mentum nuchae, 55
Mesenteric artery, 117,
120, 121, 129
Mesenteric ganglion, 121
Mesenteric vein, 117, 159
Mesentery, 117
Metacarpal, 61, 90, 92, 140
Metaphase, 2
Metatarsal, 64, 90, 93, 140
Microfilament, 137
Microtubule, 2–3, 136–137
Microvilli, 136
Middle constrictor, 70
Middle ear, bones of, 140
Middle meatus, 53
Middle nasal concha, 54
Middle phalanx of digits, 61
Mitochondria, 136–137
Mitosis, phases of, 2–3
Monocyte, 26, 156
Monofid spinous process, 56
Motor endplate, 17, 135
Motor neuron, 19
Mucosa, 32, 34, 40
Multifidus, 102–103, 150
Muscle
cardiac, 16
smooth, 17
striated, 16
Muscle fibers, 16
Muscularis (alimentary canal), 32
Muscularis (gallbladder), 36
Muscularis (large intestine), 34
Musculature, dissection specimen.
See also Musculature, human
cat, 94–109
fetal pig, 122–129
rat, 130–134
Musculature, human, 65–88
anterior view, 66
back and neck, 71–72
chest and abdomen,
74–76, 148
eye, 73, 141
head and neck, 68–70,
142–144
hip, 82–84, 150–152
lower extremities, 82–88,
146–147, 151–153
pelvis, 77, 149
posterior view, 67
shoulder, 78–79, 145
upper extremities,
78–81, 145
Musculocutaneous nerve, 96, 99,
109, 112, 114, 145–146
Myelinated nerve fiber, 20
Myelin sheath, 20
Myeloblast, 15
Myelocyte, 15
Mylohyoid
in cat, 95–96
in fetal pig, 125
in human, 69, 143
Myoneural junction, 17

N
Nasal bone
in cat, 91
in human, 46, 47, 140
Nasal concha, 54
Nasal crest, 53
Nasal spine, anterior, 46, 53
Nasolacrimal crest, 53
Navicular carpal, 61
Navicular tarsal, 64
Navicular tuberosity, 64
Eder, et al.: Laboratory
Atlas of Anatomy and
Physiology,
Neck
major veins of, 159–160
musculature of, 69–72
Nerve ending, 13
Nerve fiber, 19–20
Nerves. See Specific nerves
Neuroglia, 18–19
Neurohypophysis, 23, 161
Neuron, 18–19
Neuronal process, 19
Neutrophil, 15, 24, 156
Neutrophilic stab cell, 15
Node of Ranvier, 19
Nuchal crest, 91
Nuchal ligament, 101–102
Nuchal line, 49
Nuclear envelope, 136
Nuclear membrane, 2
Nucleolus, 136–137
Nucleus, 136–137

O
Oblique capitis inferior, 144
Oblique muscle
in cat, 103, 106–107, 113
in fetal pig, 122, 124
in human, 66, 74–75, 148
in rat, 130
Obliquus inferior, 141
Obliquus superior, 141
Obturator foramen, 61–62
Obturator nerve, 106, 152
Occipital bone
in cat, 91
in human, 47–49, 52, 140
Occipital border, 51
Occipital condyle
in cat, 91
in human, 49
Occipitalis, 67–68
Occipital suture, 48
Occipitofrontalis, 142
Occipitosphenoid suture, 49
Occipitotemporal suture, 49
Oculomotor nerve, 141–142, 154
Odontoid process, 56–57
Olecranon fossa, 60
Olecranon process
in cat, 92, 98
in human, 60
Olfactory nerve, 154
Omohyoid, 69, 96, 143
Oocyte, 42
Optic canal, 73
Optic foramen, 46, 48–50
Optic nerve, 154
Orbicularis oculi, 66, 68, 142
Orbicularis oris, 66, 68, 142
Orbit, 50, 90, 91
Orbital border, 50
Orbital fissure, 46, 49, 50
Orbital plate
of ethmoid bone, 54
of frontal bone, 48–49
Orbital process, 52
Organ of Corti, 21
Os coxae, 140
Osmosis, 138
Osteoblast, 14
Osteocyte, 14
Osteon, 14
Ovarian artery, 118, 129, 134
Ovarian follicle, 42
Ovarian vein, 118, 134
Ovary
in cat, 118
in fetal pig, 129
in human, 41
in rat, 134
Ovum, 41–42
Oxytocin, 161

P
Pacinian Corpuscle, 13
Palate
in cat, 97, 114
musculature of, 144
Palatine bone, 49, 52, 140
Palatine canal, 53
Palatine foramen, 49
Palatine process, 53
Palatine tonsil, 31, 97
Palatoglossus, 69, 144
Palatopharyngeus, 144
Palmar arch vein, 158
Palmaris longus
in cat, 98–99, 126
in human, 80, 147
Pancreas, 23
in cat, 116, 118–119
in rat, 132
Papilla, 12–13, 97
Parathyroid gland, 22
Paraurethral gland, 39
Parietal bone
in cat, 91–92
in human, 46–48, 51, 140
Parietal cell, 33
Parietal notch, 51
Parotid gland, 37, 94, 111, 123
Patella, 63, 82, 85, 93, 140
Patellar ligament, 82, 85
Patellar tendon, 66
Pectineus, 66, 106, 152
Pectoantebrachialis, 95, 98,
107, 115
Pectoralis major
in cat, 98, 107, 115
in fetal pig, 125
in human, 66, 74, 145
Pectoralis minor
in cat, 98, 107, 115
in human, 74, 145
Pedicle, vertebral, 56, 57
Pelvis
in cat, 90
girdle and leg
components, 140
musculature of, 77, 149
processes, 61–62
Penis
in cat, 119, 121
in fetal pig, 128
in human, 77
in rat, 130, 132–133
Pericardium, 110, 128
Peritoneum, 76, 115, 130
Peroneal nerve, 152–153
Peroneal retinacula, 86–87
Peroneal vein, 159
Peroneus brevis
in cat, 104
in human, 85–87, 153
Peroneus longus
in cat, 104–105
in human, 66–67,
85–87, 153
Peroneus tertius, 85–86, 88, 153
Peroxisome, 137
Perpendicular plate, 54
Perpendicular plate of
ethmoid, 46
Petrosal sinus vein, 159
Petrous portion of temporal
bone, 48, 51
Phagocytosis, 138
Phalanges, 140
in cat, 90, 92–93
foot, 64
hand, 61
Pharyngeal plexus, 144
Pharynx, 70, 144
Photoreceptors, 20
Phrenic nerve, 112–114, 148
Phrenicoabdominal artery, 121
Pig, fetal, 122–129
Pinocytosis, 138
Piriformis, 151
Pisiform carpal, 61
Pituitary gland, 23
hormones of, 161
Placenta, 118, 160
Plantar arch vein, 159
Plantaris, 87, 153
Plasma membrane, 137
Platelet, 27, 156
Platysma, 68, 96
Podocyte, 37
Popliteal artery, 158
Popliteal surface, 62
Popliteal vein, 159
Popliteus, 153
Posterior cruciate ligament, 62–63
Posteriornasal spine, 49
Posterior pituitary
(neurohypophysis), 161
Postural muscles, 150
Preerythroblasts, 15
Pregnant cat urogenital
system, 118
Preperitoneal fat, 76
Primary follicle, 41
Primordial follicle, 41–42
Processes
clavicle, 59
lower extremities, 62–64
pelvic, 61–62
ribs, 58
scapulare, 59–60
skull, 46–54
spinal, 55–57, 61
sternum, 59
upper extremities, 60–62
Prolactin (Prl), 161
Pronator quadratus, 80, 146
Pronator teres
in cat, 98–99
in human, 80, 146
Prophase, 2
Prostate gland, 41
in cat, 119, 121
in fetal pig, 128
Proximal extensor
retinaculum, 105–106
Pseudostratified ciliated columnar
epithelium, 5–6
Pseudostratified columnar
epithelium, 40
Psoas, 151
in cat, 120–121
in rat, 133
Psoas major, 82
Pterygoid canal, 50
Pterygoid muscle, 68, 142
Pterygoid process, 49–50
Pubic arch, 61, 141
Pubic tubercle, 61
Pubis, 61–62, 93
Pudendal nerve, 149
Purkinje cells, 18
Pyramidal cell, 18
Pyramidal process, 52

Q
Quadratus lumborum, 150

R
Radial artery, 158
Radial fossa, 92
Radial nerve, 146–147
in cat, 96, 99, 101, 108–109,
111–112, 114
in fetal pig, 127
Radial notch, 60
Radial process, 60
Radial tuberosity, 60
Radial vein, 158
Radius
in cat, 90, 92
in human, 60, 140
Ramus, 139
mandibular, 46, 53
pelvic, 61–62
Ranvier, Node of, 19
Rat, 130–134
Rectum, 77
in cat, 117–121
in fetal pig, 128–129
in rat, 130, 132–134
Rectus abdominis
in cat, 106–107, 115
in human, 66, 74–76, 148
in rat, 130, 132
Rectus femoris
in cat, 106
in human, 66, 82–83, 151
Red blood cell. See Erythrocyte
Red bone marrow, 15
Renal artery
in cat, 118–121
in fetal pig, 128
in rat, 133–134
Renal corpuscle, 37
Renal vein, 159
in cat, 120–121
in fetal pig, 128–129
in rat, 133–134
Reticular connective tissue, 8
Reticular fibers, 8
Retina, 20
Rhomboideus, 67
Rhomboideus capitis, 101, 123
Rhomboideus major, 71, 102, 145
Rhomboideus minor, 71,
101–102, 145
Ribosome, 136–137
Ribs, 58, 140
Rods, 20
Root sheath, hair, 13
Rostrum, 50
Rotator cuff, 145

S
Sacral artery
in cat, 118, 120
in fetal pig, 129
in rat, 133
Sacral canal, 57
Sacral foramen, 57
Sacral hiatus, 57
Sacral nerve, 155
Sacral vertebrae, 55, 57, 92
Sacrum, 55, 57, 61, 140, 141
Sagittal border, 51
Sagittal sinus
grooves for, 52
vein, 159
Sagittal suture, 47–48, 92
Salivary duct, 36–37, 123
Salivary gland, 36–37, 131
Saphenous vein, 106, 159
Sartorius, 66–67, 82–84, 87,
104–106
Scalene, 148
Scalene tubercle, 58
Scalenus, 69, 108
Scalp, 13
Scaphoid carpal, 61
Scapulae
in cat, 90, 92, 107
in human, 59, 60, 78, 140
Scapular artery, 112–113
Scapular nerve, 145
Scapular vein, 111
Scarpa’s fascia, 76
Sciatic nerve, 105
Sciatic notch, 62
Scrotum, 77
Sebaceous gland, 13
Secondary ovarian follicle, 42
Secretory vesicle, 136
Sella turcica, 48–49
Semimembranosus
in cat, 104–106
in fetal pig, 122, 124
in human, 67, 84, 87, 152
Seminal vesicle, 132–133
Seminiferous tubule, 39
Semispinalis, 150
Semispinalis capitis, 72, 144
Semitendinosus
in cat, 104–106
in fetal pig, 122, 124
in human, 67, 84, 87, 152
Serous demilunes, 36
Serratus, 115, 122
Serratus anterior
in cat, 115
in fetal pig, 122
in human, 66, 74, 145
Serratus anterior tuberosity, 58
Serratus ventralis, 108
Sertoli cell, 39
Sesamoid bone, 140
Shaft, 60
Shoulder
bones of, 140
musculature of, 71,
78–79, 145
Sickle cell anemia, 27
Sigmoid colon, 129
Sigmoid sinus
grooves for, 48, 51, 52
vein, 160
Simple columnar epithelium, 5
Simple cuboidal epithelium, 1, 4–5
Simple squamous epithelium, 4
Sinus
frontal, 48
grooves for, 48, 52
Sinusoid, 35
Skeletal muscle, 16, 17, 89
Skeleton
cat, 90–93
human. See Skeleton, human
terminology, 139
Skeleton, human, 46–64,
140–141
female versus male, 141
lower extremities, 62–64
pelvis, 61–62
skull, 46–54
spinal column, 55–57
sternum and ribs, 58–59
upper extremities, 60–61
Skin, 12
Skull
bones of, 46–54, 140
in cat, 91
musculature of, 144
Small intestine, 33, 34
in cat, 116–119
in fetal pig, 128
in rat, 132
Smooth muscle, 17, 32, 39
Soleal line, 63
Soleus, 66–67, 85–87, 153
in cat, 104–106
in fetal pig, 124
Somatotropin, 161
Spermatic artery
in cat, 119, 121
in fetal pig, 128
in rat, 133
Spermatic cord, 128
Spermatic vein, 119
Spermatocyte, 39
Spermatozoa, 39–40
Sphenoidal process, 52
Sphenoid bone, 46–50, 140
Sphenopalatine notch, 52
Sphincter ani externus, 149
Sphincter urethrae, 149
Spinal accessory nerves, 114,
144–145, 154
Spinal column, 55–57
components of, 140
musculature of, 150
Spinal cord, 19, 20
Spinalis, 102–103, 150
Spinalis capitis, 72
Spinalis cervicis, 72
Spinalis thoracis, 72
Spinal nerve, 114, 155
Spindle fiber, 2, 3
Spine, 92, 139
Spinodeltoid
in cat, 100–101
in fetal pig, 122–123
Spinotrapezius
in cat, 101–103
in fetal pig, 122–123
Spinous process, 55–56, 91
Spiral line, 62
Spleen, 31
in cat, 116, 118–119
in fetal pig, 128
in rat, 130, 132
Splenic vein, 159
Splenius capitis, 72, 101, 123
Spongy bone, 14, 64
Squamosal bone, 91
Squamosal border, 51
Squamosal suture, 47
Squamous epidermis, 12
Squamous epithelium, 4, 6–7
Stab cell, neutrophilic, 15
Stapes, 48, 140
Sternal angle, 58
Sternocleidomastoid, 66–69, 74,
144, 148
Sternohyoid, 69, 143
in cat, 94, 96
in fetal pig, 125
in rat, 131
Sternomastoid
in cat, 94–96
in fetal pig, 123, 125
Sternothyroid, 69, 94–95, 143
Sternum
in cat, 90, 92, 95, 108
in fetal pig, 125
in human, 58–59, 140
in rat, 130, 132–133
Stomach, 33
in cat, 116, 118–119
in fetal pig, 128
in rat, 132
Stratified squamous epithelium, 6–7
Stratum basale, 12
Stratum corneum, 12
Stratum granulosum, 12
Stratum spinosum, 12
Striated muscle, 16, 89
Styloglossus, 69, 143
Stylohyoid, 69
Styloid process, 47, 49, 51,
60, 69, 92
Stylomastoid foramen, 49, 91
Stylopharyngeus, 144
Subclavian artery, 158
in cat, 112–113
in fetal pig, 127
Subclavian groove, 58
Subclavian vein, 158
in cat, 96, 99, 111, 114
in fetal pig, 126
Sublingual salivary gland, 36
Submandibular salivary
gland, 37, 94–95
Submaxillary gland
in cat, 94–95, 111
in fetal pig, 123, 125
Submucosa, 32, 34
Suboccipital nerve, 144
Subscapular artery, 113
Subscapular fossa, 59
Subscapularis, 79, 107–108,
112, 145
Subscapular nerve, 109, 114, 145
Subscapular sinus, 31
Subscapular vein, 111, 114
Sulcus, 139
Superficial peroneal nerve, 88
Superficial transversus perinei, 77
Superior articular facet, 56–57
Superior articular process, 56–57
Superior constrictor, 70
Superior extensor retinaculum, 88
Superior nuchal line, 49
Superior oblique, 73
Superior orbital fissure, 49–50
Superior sagittal sinus vein, 159
Superior vena cava, 126–127, 160
Supinator, 80, 146
Suprameatal triangle, 51
Supraorbital foramen, 46, 50
Supraorbital notch, 50
Suprarenal vein, 159
Suprascapular nerve, 145
Suprascapular notch, 59
Supraspinatus
in cat, 101–102
in human, 71, 78
Supraspinous fossa, 59, 92
Surgical neck, defined, 139
Suture, cranial, 47–48
Symphysis pubis, 61–62, 77
Systole, atrial, 157

T
Talus, 64
Tarsal, 64, 90, 93, 140
Taste bud, 21
Tectorial membrane, 21
Telophase, 3
Temporal bone
in cat, 91
in human, 46–49, 51, 140
Temporal border, 50
Temporalis
in cat, 94, 96
in human, 67–68, 142
Temporal process, 46–47, 49–50
Temporozygomatic suture, 47
Tendon
Achilles, 64, 104–106, 124
calcaneal, 67, 86–87, 104
extensor digitorum, 101
foot, 88
patellar, 66
Tensor fascia latae
in cat, 104–106
in fetal pig, 122, 124
in human, 66, 82–83, 150
Tensor veli palatini, 107–108,
112, 144
Teres major
in cat, 107–108, 112
in human, 67, 71, 78, 145
Teres minor, 67, 71, 78, 145
Testis, 39
in cat, 119, 121
in fetal pig, 122, 124, 128
in rat, 130, 132
Thigh muscles, 82–84
Thigh musculature, 82–84,
151–152
Thoracic nerve
in cat, 96, 99
in fetal pig, 127
in human, 108, 145
Thoracic vein, 111, 159
Thoracic vertebrae
in cat, 90, 92
in human, 55–56, 58, 140
Thoracoacromial artery,
109, 112
Thoracoacromial nerve, 112
Thoracodorsal artery, 109
Thoracodorsal nerve, 145
in cat, 108–109, 111
in fetal pig, 127
Thoracodorsal vein, 111
Throat musculature, 143
Thumb, 61
Thymic corpuscles, 30
Thymus
in cat, 110–111
in fetal pig, 128
histology of, 30
in rat, 131
Thyrocervical artery, 113
Thyrohyoid, 69
Thyroid cartilage, 69
Thyroid gland, 69
in cat, 97, 114
in fetal pig, 126, 128
in rat, 131
thyroid follicle, 22
Thyroid gland follicle, 22
Thyroid stimulating hormone
(TSH), 161
Tibia
in cat, 90, 93, 106
in human, 63, 85, 140
Tibial artery, 88, 158
Tibialis anterior
in cat, 104–106
in fetal pig, 124
in human, 66, 85–86, 153
Tibialis posterior, 63, 87, 106, 153
Tibial nerve, 152–153
Tibial tuberosity, 63, 93
Tibial vein, 159
Tongue, 69–70, 94, 97, 143
Tonsil, palatine, 31
Trachea
in cat, 95, 97, 111–114
columnar epithelium in, 6
in fetal pig, 125–128
in rat, 131
Transitional epithelium, 7, 38
Transport processess,
membrane, 138
Transversalis abdominis, 115
Transversalis fascia, 76
Transverse foramen, 56–57, 91
Transverse jugular vein, 94–95
Transverse perinei, 149
Transverse process, 55–57, 91
Transverse scapular
artery, 112–113, 127
Transverse scapular vein, 111
Transverse sinus
grooves for, 48, 52
vein, 160
Transversus abdominis,
74–75, 130, 148
Transversus thoracis, 148
Trapezium carpal, 61
Trapezius, 66–67, 69, 71,
74, 79, 144–145
Trapezoid carpal, 61
Triangle of ausculation, 145
Triangular carpal, 61
Triceps brachii
in cat, 99–102, 112
in fetal pig, 122–123
in human, 67, 78, 81, 146
Trigeminal nerve, 142–144, 154
Triquetrum carpal, 61
Trochanter, 139
in cat, 93
in human, 62
Trochlea, 60, 73, 92, 139
Trochlear nerve, 141, 154
Trochlear notch, 60
True ribs, 58, 140
Tubercle, 139
conoid, 59
intercondylar eminence, 63
jugular, 52
pubic, 61
rib, 58
talar, 64
Tuberosity, 60–62
defined, 139
of fifth metatarsal, 88
Tunica adventitia, 27–28
Tunica albuginea, 41
Tunica intima, 27–29
Tunica media, 27–29
Tunica muscularis, 39
Tunica propria, 39

U
Ulna
in cat, 90, 92
in human, 60, 140
Ulnar artery, 158
Ulnar nerve, 96, 98–99, 101, 109,
111–112, 114, 147
Ulnar notch, 60
Ulnar tuberosity, 60
Ulnar vein, 158
Umbilical artery, 119,
128–129, 160
Umbilical cord, 122
Umbilical vein, 128–129, 160
Umbilicus, muscles above and
below, 76
Umbrella cell, 7, 39
Upper extremities
bones of, 60–61
major veins of, 158
musculature of, 78–81,
145–147
Ureter, 38
in cat, 118–121
in fetal pig, 128–129
in rat, 133–134
Urethra
in cat, 119, 121
in fetal pig, 128–129
histology, 39
in human, 77
Urethral oriface, 77
Urinary bladder, 39
in cat, 116–120
in fetal pig, 128–129
in rat, 132–134
Urogenital diaphragm, 77
Urogenital system
in cat, 118–119
in fetal pig, 128–129
in rat, 133–134
Uterine horn
in cat, 118
in fetal pig, 129
in rat, 134
Uterus
in cat, 117–118
in fetal pig, 129
in rat, 134

V
Vagina, 77
Vaginal oriface, 77
Vagus nerve, 144, 154
in cat, 111–114
in fetal pig, 126–127
Vas deferens, 119, 128
Vasopressin, 161
Vastus intermedius, 82, 151
Vastus lateralis
in cat, 105–106
in fetal pig, 122, 124
in human, 66–67,
82–84, 86, 151
Vastus medialis
in cat, 106
in human, 66, 82, 151
Vein. See also Specific veins
histology, 27
major and minor, 158–160
Vena cava
in cat, 111–114
in fetal pig, 126–127
Ventral canal, spinal cord, 20
Ventricular diastole, 157
Ventricular ejection, 157
Ventricular systole, 157
Vermiform appendix, 36
Vertebrae
in cat, 90–93
in fetal pig, 127
in human, 55–57, 150
Vertebral arches, 56
Vertebral artery, 112–113, 127
Vertebral column, musculature
of, 150
Vertebral foramen, 56
Vertebral ribs, 58
Vertebral spinous process, 92
Vertebral vein, 160
Vertical plate, palatine bone, 52
Vibrissal barrels, 94
Villi of Ileum, 33, 34
Vomer bone, 46, 49, 140
Vomeronasal nerve, 154

W
White blood cell. See Leukocyte
White matter, 20
Willis, Circle of, 158
Wormian bones, 47, 140
Wrist musculature, 147

X
Xiphihumeralis, 107, 115
Xiphisternal joint, 59
Xiphoid process, 59. See also
Sternum

Z
Zona fasciculata, 24
Zona glomerulosa, 24
Zona pellucida, 42
Zona reticularis, 24
Zygomatic arch, 47, 49, 90–91
Zygomatic bone
in cat, 91
in human, 46–47, 49, 50, 140
Zygomatic process, 50
of frontal bone, 91
of maxilla, 46, 53
of temporal bone, 47, 49,
51, 91
Zygomaticus, 66, 68
Zygomaticus major, 142
Zygomaticus minor, 142
Zymogen granules, 37
musand