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King Saud University

College of Applied Medical Sciences

Rehabilitation Sciences Department / Physical Therapy

course Syllabus

 

RHS 341 (practical and theory)

RHS 332 (Practical)

    

Course Title:              Kinesiology

Course Number:       RHS 341

Credit Hours:            2 Theory + 1 Practical = 3 hours

Course Instructor:    Muneera Al-murdi         

Course Description:  This course deals with the mechanics of human motion from a functional anatomy perspective.  Special emphasis will be given on the nature of the musculoskeletal system, differences between normal and abnormal posture, as well as analysis of gait (locomotion).

Course Objectives: Upon completion of this course, students should be able to integrate the three major theoretical approaches which are of immediate concern to physiotherapists, which include:

  1. Anatomical approach: in which students identify a body structure (e.g., a muscle or a joint), then describe its potential to produce or allow movement based on its size, geometry, and orientation.
  2. Physiological approach: students are advised to understand the process involved in the initiation, continuation, and control of movement.
  3. Mechanical approach: in which students consider the mechanical factors involved in body motion, such as force, time and distance.

Course Outline

Week 1 (September 15 & 17)

Movement Terminology & Biomechanical Principles:

-          Kinesiology: what &why?

-          Reference position

-          Anatomical directional terminology

-          Planes of motion

-          Axes of rotation

-          Movements in joints

-          Kinetics versus Kinematics 

Week 2 (September 22 & 24)

Skeletal Considerations for Movement:

-          Functions of the skeletal system

-          Architecture of bone

-          Types of bones

-          Types of joints

-          Degrees of freedom (joint motion)

-          Close-packed versus Loose-packed position

-          The kinetic chain: open versus closed

-          The Kinematic chain

Week 3 (September 29 & October 1)

Muscular Considerations for Movement:

-          Types of muscle contraction (Isometric, Isotonic: Eccentric & Concentric)

-          Role of muscles (agonist, antagonist, stabilizers, synergists, neutralizers)

-          Origin versus Insertion

-          Arrangement of fascicles

-          Isokinetic exercises

-          Muscle strength & electromyography

Week 4 (October 20 & 22)

Laws of motion and physical activities:

-          Linear (translatory) versus Angular (rotatory) movement

-          Displacement versus Distance

-          Speed versus Velocity

-          Newton’s laws: 1) Law of inertia, 2) Law of acceleration, 3) Law of reaction

Week 5 (October 27 & 29)

Basics of Kinetics / Force:

-          Internal versus external forces

-          Composition of forces

-          Force systems

-          Force analysis

-          Resolution of forces

-          Torque or moment of force

-          Work, Power, Energy

 

Week 6 (November 3 & 5)

1st Midterm examination

Week 7 (November 10 & 12)

Basic Biomechanical Concepts:

-          Levers (first-class, second-class, third-class)

-          Factors affecting anatomical levers (Torque, Length of lever arm, Angle of pull)

-          Mechanical advantage

-          Laws of Levers

-          Differences between levers

Week 8 (November 17 & 19)

Balance, Equilibrium, and Stability:

-          Definitions

-          Static versus Dynamic equilibrium

-          Center of gravity

-          Base of support

-          Factors contributing to stability

-          Factors for achieving balance

Week 9 (November 24 & 26)

Posture:

-          Factors affecting posture

-          Static versus dynamic posture

-          Posture and life cycle

-          Standing posture

-          Sitting posture

-          Lifting

-          Postural sway

Week 10 (December 1 & 3)

Postural Deviations:

-          Faulty posture

-          Scoliosis

-          Kyphosis

-          Lordosis

-          Postural re-education (physiotherapy intervention)

-          Establishment of neuromuscular control (conscious versus automatic control)

Week 11 (December 8 & 10)

2nd Midterm examination

Week 12 (December 29 & 31)

Gait:

-          Gait versus locomotion

-          Prerequisites of gait

-          Gait cycle

-          Phases of gait

-          Role of the lower limb muscles in gait (normal pattern)

-          Ground reaction force vector

-          Gait analysis (assessment)

Week 13 (January 5 & 7)

Pathological gait:

-          Causes of abnormal gait

-          Weakness of hip extensors

-          Weakness of hip abductors

-          Weakness of knee extensors

-          Weakness of dorsiflexors

-          Weakness of calf muscles

-          Examples of abnormal gait: (shuffling gait, high stepping gait, spastic gait, hemiplegic gait, waddling gait, trendelenburg gait)

-          Correction of gait

-          Crutches gait

Week 14 (January 12 & 14)

General revision

Week 15 (January 19)

Final examination

Methods of evaluation:

2 Midterm exams                    2 X 20% = 40%

2 Assignments                         2 X 10% = 20%

1 Final exam                                               40%

References:

1. Floyd RT & Thompson CW.  Manual of Structural Kinesiology, 14th ed.  McGraw-Hill; 2001.              [Chapters 1 & 12]

2. Hamill J & Knutzen KM.  Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement, 2nd ed.  Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003.               [Chapters 2, 3, 6, &10]

3. Tyldesley B & Grieve JI.  Muscles, Nerves and Movement, 2nd ed.  Blackwell Science Ltd; 1996.                     [Chapters 2 & 10]

4. Smith LK, Weiss EL, & Lehmkuhl LD.  Brunnstrom’s Clinical Kinesiology, 5th ed.  Jaypee Brothers; 1998.                 [Chapter 12]

5. Galley PM & Forster AL.  Human Movement: An Introductory Text for Physiotherapy Students, 2nd ed.  Churchill Livingstone; 1987.              [Chapters 5, 6, & 22]

6. Jenkins DB.  Hollinshead’s Functional Anatomy of the Limbs and Back, 7th ed.  WB Saunders Company; 1998.

7. Porter S.  Tidy’s Physiotherapy, 13th ed.  Butterworth Heinemann; 2003.             [Chapter 6]

8. Tidswell M.  Orthopaedic Physiotherapy.  Mosby International Limited; 1998.     [Chapter 3]

9. Hamilton N & Luttgens K.  Kinesiology: Scientific Basis of Human Motion, 10th ed.  McGraw Hill Companies; 2002.

RHS 332 (Neurological course teach mainly practical teach students how to assess and treat neurological diseases such as cerebral vascular accident , multiple sclerosis , bell's palsy  ect).

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