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Guidelines_English_Final
تحميل الدليل التدريبي

أسئلة شائعة


 

Course Title:              Kinesiology

 

Course Number:        RHS 341

 

Credit Hours: 2 Theory + 1 Practical = 3 hours

 

Course Instructor:     Muneera Al-Murdi

 

Course Description:   This course deals with the mechanics of human motion from a functional anatomy perspective.  Special emphasis will be given on the nature of the musculoskeletal system, differences between normal and abnormal posture, as well as analysis of gait (locomotion).

 

Course Objectives: Upon completion of this course, students should be able to integrate the three major theoretical approaches which are of immediate concern to physiotherapists, which include:

 

  1. Anatomical approach: in which students identify a body structure (e.g., a muscle or a joint), then describe its potential to produce or allow movement based on its size, geometry, and orientation.
  2. Physiological approach: students are advised to understand the process involved in the initiation, continuation, and control of movement.
  3. Mechanical approach: in which students consider the mechanical factors involved in body motion, such as force, time and distance.

 

Course Outline

 

Week 1 (September 15 & 17)

Movement Terminology & Biomechanical Principles:

-         Kinesiology: what &why?

-         Reference position

-         Anatomical directional terminology

-         Planes of motion

-         Axes of rotation

-         Movements in joints

-         Kinetics versus Kinematics

 

Week 2 (September 22 & 24)

Skeletal Considerations for Movement:

-         Functions of the skeletal system

-         Architecture of bone

-         Types of bones

-         Types of joints

-         Degrees of freedom (joint motion)

-         Close-packed versus Loose-packed position

-         The kinetic chain: open versus closed

-         The Kinematic chain

 

Week 3 (September 29 & October 1)

Muscular Considerations for Movement:

-         Types of muscle contraction (Isometric, Isotonic: Eccentric & Concentric)

-         Role of muscles (agonist, antagonist, stabilizers, synergists, neutralizers)

-         Origin versus Insertion

-         Arrangement of fascicles

-         Isokinetic exercises

-         Muscle strength & electromyography

 

Week 4 (October 20 & 22)

Laws of motion and physical activities:

-         Linear (translatory) versus Angular (rotatory) movement

-         Displacement versus Distance

-         Speed versus Velocity

-         Newton’s laws: 1) Law of inertia, 2) Law of acceleration, 3) Law of reaction

 

Week 5 (October 27 & 29)

Basics of Kinetics / Force:

-         Internal versus external forces

-         Composition of forces

-         Force systems

-         Force analysis

-         Resolution of forces

-         Torque or moment of force

-         Work, Power, Energy

 

Week 6 (November 3 & 5)

1st Midterm examination

 

Week 7 (November 10 & 12)

Basic Biomechanical Concepts:

-         Levers (first-class, second-class, third-class)

-         Factors affecting anatomical levers (Torque, Length of lever arm, Angle of pull)

-         Mechanical advantage

-         Laws of Levers

-         Differences between levers

 

Week 8 (November 17 & 19)

Balance, Equilibrium, and Stability:

-         Definitions

-         Static versus Dynamic equilibrium

-         Center of gravity

-         Base of support

-         Factors contributing to stability

-         Factors for achieving balance

 

Week 9 (November 24 & 26)

Posture:

-         Factors affecting posture

-         Static versus dynamic posture

-         Posture and life cycle

-         Standing posture

-         Sitting posture

-         Lifting

-         Postural sway

 

Week 10 (December 1 & 3)

Postural Deviations:

-         Faulty posture

-         Scoliosis

-         Kyphosis

-         Lordosis

-         Postural re-education (physiotherapy intervention)

-         Establishment of neuromuscular control (conscious versus automatic control)

 

Week 11 (December 8 & 10)

2nd Midterm examination

 

Week 12 (December 29 & 31)

Gait:

-         Gait versus locomotion

-         Prerequisites of gait

-         Gait cycle

-         Phases of gait

-         Role of the lower limb muscles in gait (normal pattern)

-         Ground reaction force vector

-         Gait analysis (assessment)

 

Week 13 (January 5 & 7)

Pathological gait:

-         Causes of abnormal gait

-         Weakness of hip extensors

-         Weakness of hip abductors

-         Weakness of knee extensors

-         Weakness of dorsiflexors

-         Weakness of calf muscles

-         Examples of abnormal gait: (shuffling gait, high stepping gait, spastic gait, hemiplegic gait, waddling gait, trendelenburg gait)

-         Correction of gait

-         Crutches gait

 

Week 14 (January 12 & 14)

General revision

 

Week 15 (January 19)

Final examination

 

Methods of evaluation:

 

2 Midterm exams                      2 X 20% = 40%

2 Assignments              2 X 10% = 20%

1 Final exam                                                40%

 

References:

 

1. Floyd RT & Thompson CW.  Manual of Structural Kinesiology, 14th ed.  McGraw-Hill; 2001.                      [Chapters 1 & 12]

 

2. Hamill J & Knutzen KM.  Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement, 2nd ed.  Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2003.              [Chapters 2, 3, 6, &10]

 

3. Tyldesley B & Grieve JI.  Muscles, Nerves and Movement, 2nd ed.  Blackwell Science Ltd; 1996.                [Chapters 2 & 10]  

 

4. Smith LK, Weiss EL, & Lehmkuhl LD.  Brunnstrom’s Clinical Kinesiology, 5th ed.  Jaypee Brothers; 1998.               [Chapter 12]

 

5. Galley PM & Forster AL.  Human Movement: An Introductory Text for Physiotherapy Students, 2nd ed.  Churchill Livingstone; 1987.                    [Chapters 5, 6, & 22]

 

6. Jenkins DB.  Hollinshead’s Functional Anatomy of the Limbs and Back, 7th ed.  WB Saunders Company; 1998.

 

7. Porter S.  Tidy’s Physiotherapy, 13th ed.  Butterworth Heinemann; 2003.             [Chapter 6]

 

8. Tidswell M.  Orthopaedic Physiotherapy.  Mosby International Limited; 1998.            [Chapter 3]

 

9. Hamilton N & Luttgens K.  Kinesiology: Scientific Basis of Human Motion, 10th ed.  McGraw Hill Companies; 2002.

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