Asma Al Jobair, Sulaiman E S AlEmran. The effect of Digit Sucking habit on Dental Occlusion in 4 to 12 year old Saudi children. JPDA Sep 2003;12(3):160-5.
Abstract : OBJECTIVES: The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of digit-sucking habits on dental occlusion among 4 to 12 year old Saudi children. SUBJECT & METHODS: Forty-two children representing experimental and control groups were examined for the presence or absence of the following occlusal anomalies; molar relationship, overjet; overbite, and posterior cross bite. RESULTS: The findings revealed that the presence of Angle class II molar relationship, anterior open bite, and an increased overjet was significantly more observed among the experimental group. Whereas, the prevalence of posterior cross bite showed no difference between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Interestingly, when the occlusal anomalies were related to the children ages, it was found that the presence of class II molar relationship and the degree of overjet in digit-sucking group had increased as the children`s age increased. However, the degree of anterior open bite in the same group of children showed a continuous decrease as the children`s age increased.
A Al-Jobair, S Al-Emran. Attitudes of Saudi Arabian mothers towards the digit-sucking habit in children. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2004 Sep ;14 (5):347-54
Abstract : OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report on the attitudes of Saudi mothers towards the digit-sucking habit in their children and their attempts to stop this fixation. DESIGN: The research took the form of a cross-sectional study. METHODS: Data was collected from a sample of 50 Saudi mothers whose children currently had a digit-sucking habit. One investigator used a specially designed questionnaire to interview all the mothers. RESULTS: The results showed that 48% of mothers did not like to see the habit at any age, and no mother accepted the habit after the age of 4 years. Most mothers (86%) tried to stop their children digit-sucking. Sixty-six per cent of the present sample had noticed the adverse effect of this fixation on their child's occlusion, and this was given as the main reason for their attempts to stop the habit. The most common method used by Saudi mothers to stop their children sucking their digits was the application of a bitter tasting lotion to the fingers (66%). Although 48% of mothers had sought advice about digit-sucking from dentists and paediatricians (30% and 18%, respectively), 60% of the dentists and all of paediatricians had made no suggestions about any solutions. CONCLUSION: No mother accepted the habit in their children after the age of 4 years. The majority of mothers had noticed the adverse effect of the digit-sucking fixation. Non-invasive procedures were most commonly used by Saudi mothers attempting to stop this habit in their children.
Asma Al-Jobair, Sulaiman Al-Emran. An assessment of a new reminder therapy technique for ceasing digit sucking habits in children. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2005 ;30 (1):35
Abstract: Twenty-one digit-sucker children aged 4-12 old years participated in the assessment of a new reminder therapy technique called "long sleeve sleeping gown ". The result of this study indicated that fifteen children (71.4%) out of 21 were able to stop digit-sucking habits after the application of long sleeve's gown during child's bedtime for 6 weeks. The children who failed to cease this digit-sucking habit (28.6%) were found to not accept to complete the trial period or their mothers thought that they were too young to stop the habit. Among the success group no child was reported to return to digit-sucking 3 months after implementation of long sleeves gown.
Asma Al-Jobeir, Lanre L. Bello. Trends in dental treatment performed on children under general anesthesia at the College of Dentistry in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 18, No. 2, May-August 2006.
Abstract: Objectives: This study was undertaken to compare (i) the characteristics of patients and type of dental treatment carried out on children under general anesthesia (GA) from 1992 - 2000 and 1982 - 1990; (ii) rate of compliance of patients with scheduled 6-monthly follow-up appointment during the two periods. Methods: Records of children who were treated under GA in 1992-2000 were reviewed and the data collected included age of patient at the time of treatment, gender, medical, physical status, indications for treatment and nature of treatment provided. Also the number of times parents brought their children for the 6-monthly recall appointment was recorded. Data for the years 1982-1990 which had earlier been reported were used for comparison. Results: Results showed that, in general, the characteristics of patients regarding age and gender have not changed during the two periods except that more children aged 6-10 years were treated in 1992-2000 than earlier period. Conclusions: Behavior management problem coupled with extensive caries continues to be the major reasons for using GA to treat pediatric dental patients. There were more surgical procedures done in 1982-1990 than in 1992-2000. Also significantly more extractions, stainless steel crowns and pulpotomies were done in 1992-2000. Parental compliance with 6-monthly recall appointment was generally low, nevertheless significantly more patients turned up in 1982-1990 than in 1992-2000.
Asma M. Al-Jobeir, Lanre L. Bello. Evaluation of dental procedures performed on children under general anesthesia. Egyptian Dental Journal, 52, 1431: 1437, July, 2006.
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of different dental procedures performed on children under general anesthesia (GA). Retrospective review of 175 dental records of children receiving dental rehabilitation under GA at the College of Dentistry of King Saud University (KSU) in Riyadh. Saudi Arabia from 1994 - 2004 were undertaken. Only records of patients who returned for follow-up 1-2 years after their rehabilitations were evaluated. Results showed low rates of return for follow-up (35.5%). Sealants showed to have 7.1% failure rate. Of restorative procedures, stainless steel crowns (SSCs) had lower failure rate (6.6%) than amalgam restorations (15.2%). The highest failure rates were seen in compomer and composite restorations (22.4% and 29.9%) respectively. There was a significant difference in the failure rates between SSCs and other restorations. Pulpotomies showed very low failure rate (1.7%). Increased failure rate was shown to be related to younger age group (P<O.OOI).In conclusion, stainless steel crowns are the most reliable restorations; while composite restorations are the least durable for patients treated under GA. Definitive treatment to minimize the failure rate is the approach to be taken when working under GA with high risk patients.
Asma M. Al-Jobeir. Comprehensive dental treatment of healthy and medically compromised children under general anesthesia. JPDA Vol. 15 No. 3 Jul-Sep 2006.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to compare the pattern of dental treatment under general anesthesia (GA) for healthy and medically compromised children. PATIENTS AND METHOD: One hundred and seventy five dental records of patients who had comprehensive dental care under GA were reviewed at the College of Dentistry, King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh, Saudia Arabia from 1994 to 2004. RESULTS: The records showed that a total of 95 healthy children and 80 medically compromised children were treated during this period. The mean number of dental procedures (15.6) for healthy child was significantly higher than the medically compromised child (14.0). A significantly greater number of extractions were carried out in medically compromised children. The number of composite and stainless steel crown restorations and pulpal procedures was significantly greater in healthy children, while the number of amalgam restorations and sealants was significantly higher in medically compromised children. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that while dental treatment under GA is beneficial to both uncooperative young healthy children and medically compromised children, the underlying medical conditions influenced the pattern of dental treatment when provided under GA.
Asma Al-Jobeir. Hereditary epidermolysis bullosa: Report of two cases. Saudi Dental Journal, Volume 18, No. 3, September-December 2006.
Abstract: Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) describes a group of genetically determined disorders, characterized by blistering of the skin and mucosa. It is of dental interest because of its specific oral manifestations and management problems. Oral manifestations and management outline of two different types of EB are described.
Asma Al Jobair, Factors Associated with the Consumption of Carbonated Soft Drinks among Saudi Adolescents Aged 13-15 Years in Riyadh city. Journal of Saudi Society for food and nutrition,Vol.4, No.2, 2009.
Abstract: The study aimed to identify factors associated with carbonated soft drink consumption among Saudi adolescents aged 13-15 years in Riyadh city and to evaluate the effect of age and gender on these factors. A total of 1200 questionnaires were distributed to intermediate schools students aged 13-15 years in Riyadh city, at 18 schools representing the five educational zones. The questionnaire consisted of specific questions related to the frequency of carbonated soft drink consumption, parental and peer soft drink consumption, availability at home, taste preference, fast food consumption, and television viewing. The response rate was 86.2%. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were conducted to predict the odds that carbonated soft drink consumption varied by the different factors. Preference of taste of carbonated soft drink was the strongest predictor in the analysis, with those who reported the strongest taste preference 2.3 times more likely to drink carbonated soft drinks 7 times or more per week. Adolescents who consume fast food more than once per week and those who watch television ≥ 3.5 hours/day were 1.75 and 1.7 times (respectively) more likely to drink carbonated soft drinks 7 times or more per week. It could be concluded that several factors may be associated with carbonated soft drink consumption in Saudi adolescents, most notably taste preference, fast food consumption, television viewing, peers and parental intake and the availability of carbonated soft drink at home.