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تحميل الدليل التدريبي

أسئلة شائعة


SDS 520






Course Title:            Geriatrics/Gerontology

Course No.:                         SDS 520

Credit Hour:             One hour (1 session / week)

Course Level:          2nd Year Graduate Prosthodontics Residents

Format:                     Lecture/Seminar every Sunday 8-9 am of the 2nd semester

Course Director:     Dr. Youssef Al Jabbari, BDS MS PhD


Currently, the industrialized countries (e.g. North America, Europe, and Japan) are progressively undergoing demographic aging. In these countries, people aged 65 and older have increased from 5% to 10%, with an increase in the average life expectancy from 45 to 75 during the last century. In the United States, by the year 2010, a baby boomer will turn 65 every seven seconds and by 2030, more than 69 million Americans will be over the age of 65 comprising 20% of the population.  In Germany, one-third of the population will be over 60 years old in 2030 making population pyramid in Germany and Europe flatten out losing its wide base and resembling a mushroom with a thin stem and a wide cap.

The rapidly growing older population with complex dental, medical, and psychosocial needs requires competent dental clinicians with a unique set of attitudes, knowledge, and skills. Future general dentists and prosthodontists must be able to work as interdisciplinary team members to provide optimal care to the aging population. In other words, the complexity of the older patients’ problems and treatment will require the dentist/prosthodontist to be better prepared to meet geriatric oral health care needs. Especially since we know that more elderly people are retaining teeth throughout their lifetime and this trend is predicted to continue in the years ahead.


It is increasingly apparent that comprehensive interdisciplinary care is necessary in order to meet the complex medical and psychosocial needs of older adults. The course is designed to help graduate students to be not only skilled in their profession, but also to be able to work with other healthcare professionals as members of an interdisciplinary team to ensure that the multi-faceted needs of geriatric clients are met. The multidisciplinary nature of this course is emphasized by allowing members of different disciplines to participate in lectures and by allowing students to have open discussions with them to foster a truly interdisciplinary training environment. 

The course lectures are designed to introduce graduate students to the associated physiological and pathological changes with aging which can involve both the body and oral cavity. Additionally, psychosocial issues and various psychiatric and cognitive disorders will be presented and covered. Furthermore, students will be introduced to the nutrition and commonly used medications in elderly.  


Upon completion of this course the student will be able to:

  • Demonstrate improved management skills regarding geriatric patients
  • Feel more comfortable providing dental care to geriatric patients
  • Be able to work with other health care professionals as part of an interdisciplinary team for prevention and care
  • Be able to diagnose hidden & serious conditions and/or needs for psycho-social assistance
  • Understand (recognize) the complexity and challenges of providing dental care for elderly with functional and cognitive impairments
  • Recognize how specific health and psycho-social concerns of older adults affect
    • their attitudes toward and compliance with dentist’s recommendations
    • unique risk factors for oral diseases in the elderly
  • Be aware of the importance of nutrition in the elderly
  • Be familiar with the medications commonly used in geriatric patients, their adverse reactions, and their effects on the oral cavity
  • Be able to perform proper prosthodontic treatment planning and choose the best treatment modality for each individual geriatric patient



Students will be evaluated and graded according to:


  • Continuous assessment (15%):  Attendance, participation in discussion, and unannounced quizzes (short notes/MCQs) on previous lectures.
  • Writing a paper (20%): The paper should be completed and submitted no later than Sunday June/1st/2008 (no excuses). (obtain instructor approval on the topic)
  • Final written exam (65%).




Lecture #




February / 24



March / 2



March / 9

Biology of Aging – I


March / 16

Biology of Aging – II


March / 23

Physiological (Normal) Changes Associated with Aging


March / 30

Pathological (Abnormal) Changes Associated with Aging


April / 6

Cognitive Disorders in Elderly (Dementia and Delirium)


April / 20

Common Psychiatric Disorders in Elderly


April / 27

Therapeutics in Geriatric Patient


May / 4

Pharmacokinetics & Pharmacodynamic Changes in Elderly


May / 11

Nutrition in Elderly


May / 18

Physiological and Pathological oral changes associated with aging


May / 25

Advance Prosthodontics treatment planning and restorative options for elderly


June / 1

Rehabilitation of acquired maxillofacial defects in elderly


June / 8

Final written exam


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