The Economic Activities in the Light of Islam
Omar Fihan Al marzoogi
Associate Professor, Dept. of Islamic Culture,
College of Education, King Saud University,
Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
Abstract: This study is comprised of an introduction, two chapters and a conclusion. The first chapter deals with the direct Islamic instructions which incite the practice of economic activities perfectly, and simultaneously shows how Islam promotes all kinds of legal economic activities. There are many Quranic and Sunnite texts which urge the individuals to gain his livelihood, e.g. the Quranic verse. “He it is, who has made the earth subservient to you (i.e. easy for you to walk, to live and to do agriculture on it, etc.), so walk in the path thereof and eat of his provision, and to his will be the Resurrection”. Even Islam enhanced the importance of the useful economic activity and made it a worship as long as it is coupled with the true intention and abiding by the Sharia’s laws. Because the economic activities in Islam do not aim to acquire only the material benefit as the state in the other economic systems, but the achieve moral and spiritual benefits which fulfill the lasting bliss for man in this world and in the hereafter.
This chapter also tackles the indirect Islamic instructions related to the economic activities, such as forbidding earning money by begging. The prophet Mohammad (P.B.U.H.) said in this regard: “A man keeps on asking other for something till he comes on the Day of Resurrection without any piece of flesh on his face”. Islam also prohibited all kinds of usury, whether when dealing with the productive loans or consumer ones.
The second chapter treats the importance of founding the economic activity on the Islamic method, since the application of Allah’s Shari’a in the field of the economic activity is one fo the causes of attaining blessing and prosperity. It is Allah’s promise, who said: “then if there comes to you guidance from Me, then whoever follows my guidance shall neither go astray, nor fall into distress and misery”. Whereas the definite consequence of deserting the Islamic economic instructions is the leading to miserable life as Allah Said: “But whosoever turns a way from My reminder (i.e., neither believes in this Quran nor acts on its orders, etc.) verily, for him is a life of hardship, and we shall raise him up blind on the Day of Resurrection”. If a man practices his economic activities in a way that doesn’t respect the Islamic Shari’a, accordingly he will not get use of his illegal activity. Even the Islamic State as it is one of its functions – has to make sure that the economic activity is not going astray. The Islamic Shari’a, whatever encourages the economic factor and makes room for it, it will never acknowledge or tolerant with any kind of bad earning.