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Recommended Temperature and Relative Humidity, and Approximate Transit and Storage Life for Horticultural Crops

Product

Temperature

 

Relative Humidity (%)

Approximate storage life

 °C 

 °F  

Amaranth

0-2

32-36

95-100

10-14 days

Anise

0-2

32-36

90-95

2-3 weeks

Apples

-1-4

30-40

90-95

1-12 months

Apricots

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

1-3 weeks

Artichokes, globe

0

32

95-100

2-3 weeks

Asian pear

1

34

90-95

5-6 months

Asparagus

0-2

32-35

95-100

2-3 weeks

Atemoya

13

55

85-90

4-6 weeks

Avocados, Fuerte, Hass

7

45

85-90

2 weeks

Avocados, Lula, Booth-1

4

40

90-95

4-8 weeks

Avocados, Fuchs, Pollock

13

55

85-90

2 weeks

Babaco

7

45

85-90

1-3 weeks

Bananas, green

13-14

56-58

90-95

14 weeks

Barbados cherry

0

32

85-90

7-8 weeks

Bean sprouts

0

32

95-100

7-9 days

Beans, dry

4-10

40-50

40-50

6-10 months

Beans, green or snap

4-7

4045

95

7-10 days

Beans, lima, in pods

5-6

4143

95

5 days

Beets, bunched

0

32

98-100

10-14 days

Beets, topped

0

32

98-100

4-6 months

Belgian endive

2-3

36-38

95-98

24 weeks

Bitter melon

12-13

53-55

85-90

2-3 weeks

Black sapote

13-15

55-60

85-90

2-3 weeks

Blackberries

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

2-3 days

Blood orange

4-7

4044

90-95

3-8 weeks

Blueberries

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

2 weeks

Bok choy

0

32

95-100

3 weeks

Boniato

13-15

55-60

85-90

4-5 months

Breadfruit

13-15

55-60

85-90

2-6 weeks

Broccoli

0

32

95-100

10-14 days

Brussels sprouts

0

32

95-100

3-5 weeks

Cabbage, early

0

32

98-100

3-6 weeks

Cabbage, late

0

32

98-100

5-6 months

Cactus Leaves

24

3640

90-95

3 weeks

Cactus Pear

24

36-40

90-95

3 weeks

Caimito

3

38

90

3 weeks

Calabaza

10-13

50-55

50-70

2-3 months

Calamondin

9-10

48-50

90

2 weeks

Canistel

13-15

55-60

85-90

3 weeks

Cantaloups (3/4-slip)

2-5

36-41

95

15 days

Cantaloups (full-slip)

0-2

32-36

95

5-14 days

Carambola

9-10

48-50

85-90

3-4 weeks

Carrots, bunched

0

32

95-100

2 weeks

Carrots, mature

0

32

98-100

7-9 months

Carrots, immature

0

32

98-100

4-6 weeks

Cashew apple

0-2

32-36

85-90

5 weeks

Cauliflower

0

32

95-98

34 weeks

Celeriac

0

32

97-99

6-8 months

Celery

0

32

98-100

2-3 months

Chard

0

32

95-100

10-14 days

Chayote squash

7

45

85-90

4-6 weeks

Cherimoya

13

55

90-95

2-4 weeks

Cherries, sour

0

32

90-95

3-7 days

Cherries, sweet

-1 to -0.5

30-31

90-95

2-3 weeks

Chinese broccoli

0

32

95-100

10-14 days

Chinese cabbage

0

32

95-100

2-3 months

Chinese long bean

4-7

40-45

90-95

7-10 days

Clementine

4

40

90-95

24 weeks

Coconuts

0-1.5

32-35

80-85

1-2 months

Collards

0

32

95-100

10-14 days

Corn, sweet

0

32

95-98

5-8 days

Cranberries

2-4

36-40

90-95

24 months

Cucumbers

10-13

50-55

95

10-14 days

Currants

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

1-4 weeks

Custard apples

5-7

41-45

85-90

4-6 weeks

Daikon

0-1

32-34

95-100

4 months

Dates

-18 or 0

0 or 32

75

6-12 months

Dewberries

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

2-3 days

Durian

4-6

39-42

85-90

6-8 weeks

Eggplants

12

54

90-95

1 week

Elderberries

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

1-2 weeks

Endive and escarole

0

32

95-100

2-3 weeks

Feijoa

5-10

41-50

90

2-3 weeks

Figs fresh

-0.5-0

31-32

85-90

7-10 days

Garlic

0

32

65-70

6-7 months

Ginger root

13

55

65

6 months

Gooseberries

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

34 weeks

Granadilla

10

50

85-90

3-4 weeks

Grapefruit, Calif. & Ariz.

14-15

58-60

85-90

6-8 weeks

Grapefruit, Fla. & Texas

10-15

50-60

85-90

6-8 weeks

Grapes, Vinifera

-1 to -0.5

30-31

90-95

1-6 months

Grapes, American

-0.5-0

31-32

85

2-8 weeks

Greens, leafy

0

32

95-100

10-14 days

Guavas

5-10

41-50

90

2-3 weeks

Haricot vert

4-7

4045

95

7-10 days

Horseradish

-1-0

30-32

98-100

10-12 months

Jaboticaba

13-15

55-60

90-95

2-3 days

Jackfruit

13

55

85-90

2-6 weeks

Jaffa orange

8-10

46-50

85-90

8-12 weeks

Japanese eggplant

8-12

46-54

90-95

1 week

Jerusalem Artichoke

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

+5 months

Jicama

13-18

55-65

65-70

1-2 months

Kale

0

32

95-100

2-3 weeks

Kiwano

10-15

50-60

90

6 months

Kiwifruit

0

32

90-95

3-5 months

Kohlrabi

0

32

98-100

2-3 months

Kumquats

4

40

90-95

2-4 weeks

Langsat

11-14

52-58

85-90

2 weeks

Leeks

0

32

95-100

2-3 months

Lemons

10-13

50-55

85-90

1-6 months

Lettuce

0

32

98-100

2-3 weeks

Limes

9-10

48-50

85-90

6-8 weeks

Lo bok

0-1.5

32-35

95-100

24 months

Loganberries

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

2-3 days

Longan

1.5

35

90-95

3-5 weeks

Loquats

0

32

90

3 weeks

Lychees

1.5

35

90-95

3-5 weeks

Malanga

7

45

70-80

3 months

Mamey

13-15

55-60

90-95

2-6 weeks

Mangoes

13

55

85-90

2-3 weeks

Mangosteen

13

55

85-90

2-4 weeks

Melons:

Casaba

10

50

90-95

3 weeks

Crenshaw

7

45

90-95

2 weeks

Honeydew

7

45

90-95

3 weeks

Persian

7

45

90-95

2 weeks

Mushrooms

0

32

95

34 days

Nectarines

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

2-4 weeks

Okra

7-10

45-50

90-95

7-10 days

Olives, fresh

5-10

41-50

85-90

+6 weeks

Onions, green

0

32

95-100

34 weeks

Onions, dry

0

32

65-70

1-8 months

Onion sets

0

32

65-70

6-8 months

Oranges, Calif. & Ariz.

3-9

3848

85-90

3-8 weeks

Oranges, Fla. & Texas

0-1

32-34

85-90

8-12 weeks

Papayas

7-13

45-55

85-90

1-3 weeks

Passionfruit

7-10

45-50

85-90

3-5 weeks

Parsley

0

32

95-100

2-2.5 months

Parsnips

0

32

95-100

+6 months

Peaches

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

2-4 weeks

Pears

-1.5 to -0.5

29-31

90-95

2-7 months

Peas, green

0

32

95-98

1-2 weeks

Peas, southern

+5

4041

95

6-8 days

Pepino

4

40

85-90

1 month

Peppers, Chili (dry)

0-10

32-50

60-70

6 months

Peppers, sweet

7-13

45-55

90-95

2-3 weeks

Persimmons, Japanese

-1

30

90

34 months

Pineapples

7-13

45-55

85-90

24 weeks

Plantain

13-14

55-58

90-95

1-5 weeks

Plums and prunes

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

2-5 weeks

Pomegranates

5

41

90-95

2-3 months

Potatoes, early crop

10-16

50-60

90-95

10-14 days

Potatoes, late crop

4.5-13

40-55

90-95

5-10 months

Pummelo

7-9

4548

85-90

12 weeks

Pumpkins

10-13

50-55

50-70

2-3 months

Quinces

-0.5-0

31-32

90

2-3 months

Raddichio

0-1

32-34

95-100

2-3 weeks

Radishes, spring

0

32

95-100

34 weeks

Radishes, winter

0

32

95-100

24 months

Rambutan

12

54

90-95

1-3 weeks

Raspberries

-0.5-0

31-32

90-95

2-3 days

Rhubarb

0

32

95-100

24 weeks

Rutabagas

0

32

98-100

+6 months

Salsify

0

32

95-98

2-4 months

Santol

7-9

45-48

85-90

3 weeks

Sapodilla

16-20

60-68

85-90

2-3 weeks

Scorzonera

0-1

32-34

95-98

6 months

Seedless cucumbers

10-13

50-55

85-90

10-14 days

Snow peas

0-1

32-34

90-95

1-2 weeks

Soursop

13

55

85-90

1-2 weeks

Spinach

0

32

95-100

10-14 days

Squashes, summer

5-10

41-50

95

1-2 weeks

Squashes, winter

10

50

50-70

2-3 months

Strawberries

0

32

90-95

5-7 days

Sugar apples

7

45

85-90

4 weeks

Sweetpotatoes

13-15

55-60

85-90

4-7 months

Tamarillos

3-4

37-40

85-95

10 weeks

Tamarinds

7

45

90-95

3-4 weeks

Tangerines, mandarins, and related citrus fruits

4

40

90-95

24 weeks

Taro root

7-10

45-50

85-90

4-5 months

Tomatillos

13-15

55-60

85-90

3 weeks

Tomatoes, mature-green

18-22

65-72

90-95

1-3 weeks

Tomatoes, firm-ripe

13-15

55-60

90-95

4-7 days

Turnips

0

32

95

4-5 months

Turnip greens

0

32

95-100

10-14 days

Ugli fruit

4

40

90-95

2-3 weeks

Waterchestnuts

0-2

32-36

98-100

1-2 months

Watercress

0

32

95-100

2-3 weeks

Watermelons

10-15

50-60

90

2-3 weeks

White sapote

19-21

67-70

85-90

2-3 weeks

White asparagus

0-2

32-36

95-100

2-3 weeks

Winged bean

10

50

90

4 weeks

Yams

16

61

70-80

6-7 months

Yucca root

0-5

32-41

85-90

1-2 months

Source:  McGregor, B.M. 1989. Tropical Products Transport Handbook. USDA Office of Transportation, Agricultural Handbook 668.                                                                              Top 

 

 
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