faculty
Sign In

                   اسم المقرر : مقدمة في الكيمياء العضوية            رقم المقرر ورمزه: 108 كيم

الوحدات الدراسية (نظري + عملي): (3 +1)    المستوى : الثاني - العلوم (غير التخصص)

 

      

Course Number and Symbol: Chem. 108

Credit hours:  (3+1)

Level: Chemistry for non major  

Office hours: Mon, Tues. : 10-12 pm

 

 الساعات المكتبية: الإثنين ، الثلاثاء: 12-10 ظهرا

Syllabus 

Structure and bonding, Alkanes and cycloalkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes, Aromatic compounds, Stereochemistry, Organic halides, Ethers and epoxides, Alcohols, phenols and, Aldehydes and ketones, Carboxylic acids and their derivatives, Amines, Carbohydrates. Fats and oils

Experimental include: MP determination, recrystallization, simple distillation, extraction, synthesis of alkenes and unsaturation test, alkyl halide nuclear substitution, reactions of alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones, amines, carboxylic acids (and derivatives) and diazonium compounds, saponification, reactions of carbohydrates

الجزء النظري

2  عدد الوحدات:

محتوى المقرر: البناء والارتباط الكيميائي – تسمية وتصنيف خواص وطرق تحضير وتفاعلات كل من

الهيدروكاربونات الأليفاتية والأروماتية – الهاليدات العضوية – الكحولات والإيثرات والفينولات – الألديهيدات والكيتونات – الأمينات – الحموض الكربوكسيلية ومشتقاتها – الزيوت والدهون – الكربوهيدرات

 

المراجع:

1) Organic Chemistry, A short course, Hart, Latest ed

2- "الكيمياء العضوية "  تأليف: د. حسن محمد الحازمي و د. محمد إبراهيم الحسن .

3) Elements of Organic Chemistry, Isaaq Zimmarman and Henry Zimmarman, 2nd ed., MacMillan Publisher Co. Inc., New York Collier MacMillan Publisher, London (latest).

 

الجزء العملي

عدد الوحدات: 1

محتوى المقرر: تطبيقات عملية على الموضوعات السابقة

مراجع الجزء العملي:

1) الكشف عن المركبات الفعالة في المركبات العضوية، تأليف: أ.د. حسن محمد الحازمي، محمد سعادة ذيب.

2)مقدمة في الكيمياء العضوية العملية، تأليف: تحسين عمر خلف، محمد سعادة ذيب

 

Syllabus distributed over weeks

1-Hydrocarbons:

             a) Alkanes and Cycloalkanes (6 lectures)

            Sp3–hybridization, nomenclature (common, IUPAC), physical properties (boiling points, solubility, sources, synthesis ( in out line only), reaction (oxidation and free radical halogenation (no mechanism required).

           

b)Alkenes and Cycloalkenes(6 lectures)

            Sp2–hybridization, nomenclature (common, IUPAC), physical properties (boiling points, solubility), synthesis [dehydrohalogenation of alkyl halides, dehydration of alcohols], reaction [halogenations, hydrogenation, addition of hydrogen halides, halohydrin formation, oxidation, epoxidation, ozonololysis].

 c)Alkynes and Cycloalkynes(3 lectures)

 Sp–hybridization, nomenclature(common, IUPAC), physical properties (boiling points, solubility), sources, synthesis [from CaC2, dehydrohalogenation of alkyl halides, from sodiumacetylides], reaction [hydrogenation, addition of HX, H2O, X2].

 

2-Benzene and aromatic compounds (4 lectures):

         

Structure and stability of benzene, aromatic character, Nomenclature, reactions [aromatic( halogenations, alkylation's, nitration, sulphonation) and side chain (halogenations of alkyl side chain, oxidation )

 

3-Halogen containing compounds (3 lectures):

Classification, nomenclature(common, IUPAC), physical properties (boiling points, solubility),synthesis [halogenations of alkanes, addition of HX to alkenes and alkynes, from alcohol( SOCl2 , PX3, PX5)], reactions(nucleophilic substitution,         elimination, grignards reagent, reduction by metal and acids)

 

4-Oxygen containing compounds

         

          a) Alcohol, Phenol, Ether, Epoxides (7 lectures)

 

            Classification, structure, nomenclature(common, IUPAC), physical properties (solubility, hydrogen bonds, b.pts), synthesis of alcohols( review from alkenes and alkyl halides , Grignard reagent with aldehyde , ketone and esters, reduction of aldehyde, ketones , acids and esters). Synthesis of phenols ( hydrolysis of diazonium salt, alkali fusion, of sodium benzenesulfonates). Synthesis of ether ( dehydration of alcohols , William synthesis of epoxide, synthesis from alkenes and alcohol , reaction of alcohols( salt formation, oxidation, ester formation) reaction of phenol(salt formation, oxidation, ester formation), reaction of ethers(with HI, reaction of epoxide(three member ring ) with H2O, ROH,  HX, LiAlH4, phenol, Grignard reagent. 

 

b) Aldehyde and ketones (4 lectures)

 Structure, nomenclature (common, IUPAC), physical properties (solubility,  b.pts), synthesis [ oxidation of alcohols, ozonolysis of alkenes, hydration of alkynes, hydrolysis of alkyl dihalides], reaction of aldehyde and ketones [ rection of carbonyl compounds, addition of Grignard reagent, addition of alkynide ions, addition of HCN(hydrolysis of the product), addition of alcohol,(hemiacetal, cital, hemiketal, and ketal formation, no mechanism , addition of ammonia and it's derivatives, synthesis of amino acids , acidity of aldehaydes and ketones, aldol condensation.

 c) Carboxylic acids and it's derivatives (6 lectures)

          Structure, nomenclature (common, IUPAC), physical properties (solubility,  b.pts), synthesis [ oxidation of aldehyde], carbonation of Grignard reagent, hydrolysis of nitrile, and carbonation of acetylide ion, reaction of carboxylic acid( salt formation, formation of acid derivatives: acid chloride, acid anhydride, amide, ester. Reaction of acid derivatives [elimination reaction, hydrolysis of acid chloride, ester, reaction with acid chloride, acetylation , reduction.

 

5-Nitrogen-contaning compounds (3 lectures)

         Classification, structure, nomenclature(common, IUPAC), physical properties (solubility, hydrogen bonds, b.pts), basicity of aliphatic amine and aniline, quaternary ammonium salt, synthesis, of amines[ reduction of nitro, nitrile, oxime, amide, alkylation of ammonia], reaction [ salt formation, alkylation, reaction with nitrous acid, amide formation.

 

Distribution of marks

Midterm I after 6 weeks……….     10%

               Midterm  II after 11 weeks…...…….. 10%

               Practical……..........………………… 30%

             Quizzes, Homework & activity…………10%

Final Exam. …………………..   40%

                         Total                                          100

 

نموذج اختبار 1

نموذج اختبار 2

نموذج اختبار 3